• Ariharan VN Department of Biomedical EngineeringNoorul islam University, Kumaracoil
  • Meena Devi Vn Department of Physics Noorul islam University, Kumaracoil
  • Parameswaran NK Department of Biomedical EngineeringNoorul islam University, Kumaracoil
  • Nagendra Prasad P Department of Biomedical Engineering Noorul islam University, Kumaracoil


Biodiesel is gaining more and more importance as an attractive fuel due to the depleting fossil fuel resources. The Sun flower is valuable from an economic, as well as an ornamental plant. It is one of the important oil seed crop, cultivated for the production of oil in the world especially from western countries. Sun flower seed oil is a triglyceride derived from the seeds of the Sun flower. It belongs to the family Asteraceae. The oil   can be used for   cooking     and the seeds also food for birds. In this study the seeds were collected from the local market and oil was obtained   by using chemical extraction.  Sun flower oil was subjected to various physical and chemical studies such as pH, Specific gravity Density and Viscosity. The Fire points, Flashpoint, Cloud point, Pour point, Carbon residue. The chemical properties like Acid value, Iodine value, and saponification value were assessed. The Physico- Chemical Properties of the Sun flower oil biodiesel blends 10% (B10) and 20% (B20) were analyzed.  The values were compared with the ASTMT standards of biodiesel. The blend B20 is found to be within the ASTM standard and it could be used as alternative energy source as biodiesel.


1. Meena Devi V N, Vijayalakshmi GS, Nagendra prasad P. A hand book of bioenergy crops. Agrobios (India), 2008; 226-29.
2. Kachapur MD, Hasimani AS and Sastry KSK. Influence of presowing seed hardening on early growth of niger (Guizotiz abyssinica Cass). Current Research 1978; 7(5):86-87.
3. Antolin G, Tinaut FV, Briceno Y, Castano V, Perez C, Ramirez AI. Optimization of biodiesel production by sunflower oil transesterification. Bioresource Technology 2002; 83:111–4.
4. Shahidi F, Janitha PK, Wanasundara PD. Phenolic antioxidants. Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nutr 1992; 32:67–103.
5.Schumacher LG, Borgelt SC, Fosseen D, Geotz W, Hires WG. Heavy duty engine exhaust emission tests using methyl ester soybean oil/diesel fuel blends. Bioresour. Technol 1996; 57(1): 1372-1378.

6. Gustavo A. Pereyra-Irujoa Natalia G, Izquierdoa, Mauro Covib, Susana M. Nolascoc, Facundo Quiroza, Luis AN. Aguirreza bala biomass and bioenergy 2009; 33:459 – 468.

7. Hanna MA. Biodiesel production: a review. Bioresource Technology 1999.
8. Umer Rashida, FarooqAnwara, BryanR.Moserb,C, SamiaAshrafa. Biomass And Bioenergy 2008; 32:1202–1205.
9. Mushatq Ahmad1, Shoaib Ahmed, Fayyaz-Ul-Hassan, Muhammad Arshad, Mir Ajab Khan1. African Journal of Biotechnology 2010; 9(50): 8630-8635.
10. Zhang, Y, Dube MA, Mclean DD, and Kates M. Biodiesel production from waste cooking oil. Process design and technological assessment. Bioresource Technology 2003; 89: 1-16.
405 Views | 1435 Downloads
How to Cite
VN, A., M. D. Vn, P. NK, and N. P. P. “STUDIES ON SUN FLOWER OIL [Helianthus Annuus Linn] FOR ITS POTENTIAL USE AS BIODIESEL”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 9, no. 1, Jan. 2016, pp. 123-4,
Original Article(s)