ASSESSMENT OF CORRELATION IN GENDER AND AGE WITH LIPOPROTEIN LEVELS IN HYPERLIPIDEMIA PATIENTS

Authors

  • Anil Babu A
  • Rani S
  • Revikumar Kg
  • Shafeeque Mattumal
  • Unnikrishnan Ug

Abstract

ABSTRACT
Objective: The main objective of the study was to monitor and compare the correlation between the age and gender with the serum lipoprotein levels
in the hyperlipidemia patients.
Methods: The entire study was performed only after getting approval from the Institutional Ethics Committee. This is a prospective observational
study and conducted in Department of Cardiology of a tertiary care teaching hospital. A total of 520 patients were included and the data collected by
data entry form, and the results were thoroughly analyzed using various statistical tools for its relevance and significance.
Results: From the total study population (n=520), the majority was males 271 (52.1%) than the female population 249 (47.9%). The minimum age
in the study population identified was 40 (years) and the maximum age was 89 (years). The average age of the study population was found to be
60.94±13.062 (years). The mean averages of total cholesterol in males 217.48±39.33 mg/dL compared to females 231.05±55.05 mg/dL, triglycerides
in males were 209.01±73.08 mg/dL compared to females 235.71±97.16 mg/dL, low-density lipoproteins in males were 156.42±37.02 mg/dL
compared to females 164.19±43.17 mg/dL, and in case of high-density lipoproteins it was 32.61±6.34 mg/dL compared to females 31.48±6.53 mg/dL.
Conclusion: From the entire study, it was concluded that the prevalence rate is a more common in male population. The incidence rate is too high in
younger age population. The correlation of age and gender is directly proportional to the incidence of hyperlipidemia.
Keywords: Hyperlipidemia, Cardiology, Gender, Age.

References

REFERENCES

Stone NJ, Robinson J, Lichtenstein AH, Merz NB, Lloyd-Jones

DM, Blum CB, et al. ACC/AHA Blood cholesterol guideline. J

Am Coll Cardiol 2013;:1-85.

Joshi SR, Anjana RM, Deepa M, Pradeepa R, Bhansali A, Dhandania VK,

et al. Prevalence of dyslipidemia in urban and rural India: The ICMRINDIAB

study.

PLoS One 2014;9(5):e96808.

Nelson RH. Hyperlipidemia as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Prim Care 2013;40(1):195-211.

Estari M, Reddy AS, Bikshapathi T, Satyanarayana J, Venkanna L,

Reddy MK. The investigation of serum lipids and prevalence

of dyslipidemia in urban adult population of Warangal District,

Andhra Pradesh, India. Biol Med 2009;1:61-5.

Monaliza MA, Aggarwal M, Srivastava A. Awareness of risk factors

and warning symptoms of stroke in general population. Nurs Midwifery

Res J 2012;8:149-61.

Chou P, Hsiao KJ, Lin JW, Chen ST. Community-based survey on

blood pressure, blood biochemistry and dietary habits in Pu-Li, Taiwan.

Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei) 1992;50(4):279-87.

ATP III Guidelines At-A-Glance Quick Desk Reference, NIH

Publication No. 01-3305, May 2001.

Maheshwari P, Sharma M, Sharma KK, Goyal NK, Roy MN, Mishra BS, et

al. Equivalence of cholesterol levels at hospital-based health-check

program with population-based studies: A comparative study. J

Clin Prev Cardiol 2013;:1-7.

Dawalji S, Venkateshwarlu K, Thota S, Venisetty PK, Venisetty RK.

Prescribing pattern in coronary artery disease: A prospective study. Int

J Pharm Res Rev 2014;3:24-33.

Guetta V, Cannon RO 3

. Cardiovascular effects of estrogen and

lipid-lowering therapies in postmenopausal women. Circulation

;93(10):1928-37.

rd

Gordon T, Castelli WP, Hjortland MC, Kannel WB, Dawber TR. High

density lipoprotein as a protective factor against coronary heart disease.

The Framingham study. Am J Med 1977;62(5):707-14.

Gupta R, Prakash H, Kaul V. Cholesterol lipoproteins, triglycerides,

rural-urban differences and prevalence of dyslipidaemia among males

in Rajasthan. J Assoc Physicians India 1997;45:275-9.

Jayarama N, Reddy M, Lakshmaiah V. Prevalence and pattern of

dyslipidemia in Type 2 diabetes mellitus patients in a rural tertiary care

centre, southern India. Glob J Med Public Health 2012;1:24-7.

World Heart Federation, Cardiovascular Risk Factors: 1-4.

Björkelund C, Andersson-Hange D, Andersson K, Bengtsson

C,

Blomstrand A, Bondyr-Carlsson D, et al. Secular trends in cardiovascular

risk factors with a 36-year perspective: Observations from 38- and

-year-olds in the population study of women in Gothenburg. Scand J

Prim Health Care 2008;26(3):140-6.

Lin CH, Lai SW, Liu CS. Prevalence of hypercholesterolemia and its

related factors in middle-aged Taiwanese adults a hospital-based study.

Mid Taiwan J Med 2003;8:85-90.

Mendis S, Puska P, Norrving B. World Health Organization. Global

Atlas on Cardiovascular Diseases Prevention and Control. Geneva:

World Health Organization in collaboration with the World Heart

Federation and the World Stroke Organization; 2011. p. 1-28.

Mithal A, Majhi D, Shunmugavelu M, Talwarkar PG, Vasnawala H,

Raza AS. Prevalence of dyslipidemia in adult Indian diabetic patients:

A cross sectional study (SOLID). Indian J Endocrinol Metab

;18(5):642-7.

Karki DB, Neopane A, Pradhan B, Magar A. Lipid levels in Nepalese

population. Kathmandu Univ Med J (KUMJ) 2004;2(4):349-53.

Published

2016-03-01

How to Cite

A, A. B., R. S, R. Kg, S. Mattumal, and U. Ug. “ASSESSMENT OF CORRELATION IN GENDER AND AGE WITH LIPOPROTEIN LEVELS IN HYPERLIPIDEMIA PATIENTS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 9, no. 2, Mar. 2016, pp. 197-9, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/10373.

Issue

Section

Original Article(s)