• Manjusha K Borde MGM Medical college
  • Rajesh Kumar Suman MGM Medical college
  • Ipseeta Ray Mohanty MGM Medical college
  • Y A Deshmukh MGM Medical college


Objective: The present study was designed to screen the dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory ability of hydroalcoholic extracts of Terminalia
arjuna, Commiphora mukul, Gymnema sylvestre, Morinda citrifolia, and Emblica officinalis and compare their inhibitory activity with the synthetic
DPP-IV inhibitors (Sitagliptin and Vildagliptin). The aim of the study was to identifying indigenous sources of DPP-IV inhibitors for the management
of type II diabetes mellitus as alternatives to their synthetic counterparts.
Methods: The hydroalcoholic extract of T. arjuna, C. mukul, G. sylvestre, M. citrifolia, E. officinalis and synthetic DPP-IV inhibitors (Sitagliptin and
Vildagliptin) were tested in vitro for DPP-IV inhibitory activity.
Results: The DPP-IV inhibitory activity of synthetic drugs Vildagliptin was found to be 90.42±7.84% and Sitagliptin 84.67±8.21%. The DPP-IV
Inhibitory activity of T. arjuna was found to be 83.39±7.58%, C. mukul: 92.97± 8.45%, G. sylvestre: 16.98±1.69%, M. citrifolia: 24.64±2.24%, and
E. officinalis: 85.95±7.16%. C. mukul extract showed superior inhibitory activity than reference standard drugs (Sitagliptin and Vildagliptin).
Conclusion: C. mukul, T. arjuna, and E. officinalis extracts possess significant DPP-IV Inhibitory activity while G. sylvestre and M. citrifolia failed to
markedly inhibit DPP-IV enzyme.
Keywords: Type II diabetes mellitus, Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV inhibitors, Plant extracts, In vitro assay.

Author Biographies

Manjusha K Borde, MGM Medical college
Department of pharmacology
Rajesh Kumar Suman, MGM Medical college
Ipseeta Ray Mohanty, MGM Medical college
Y A Deshmukh, MGM Medical college


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How to Cite
Borde, M. K., R. K. Suman, I. R. Mohanty, and Y. A. Deshmukh. “DIPEPTIDYL PEPTIDASE-IV INHIBITORY ACTIVITIES OF MEDICINAL PLANTS: TERMINALIA ARJUNA, COMMIPHORA MUKUL, GYMNEMA SYLVESTRE, MORINDA CITRIFOLIA, EMBLICA OFFICINALIS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 9, no. 3, May 2016, pp. 180-2, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/10894.
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