• Zahra Pournamdar
  • Sadegh Zare
  • Alireza Shameli
  • Hossein Jafari



Objective: Reporting the medication errors, on the one hand, causes the preservation and observation of the patient security, and on the other hand,
it is regarded as a valuable information treasure in line with the prevention of the medication errors expression in the future. Therefore, the present
study has been conducted with the objective of the survey of barriers to medication errors reporting from the perspective of the nursing students.
Methods: This study is a descriptive research which has been conducted on 87 nursing students who have been selected based on a random method. To
gather the required information, there has been made use of a two-part questionnaire, the first part of which deals with the study of the demographic
characteristics and the second part pertains to the factors influencing not reporting the medication errors. In the end, after the necessary information
collected the data were analyzed by taking advantage of SPSS 19 and descriptive statistics.
Results: The individuals average age in the present study was 21.09±2.48, 51 individuals were female. 24 individuals were studied in semester
4, 31 people were passing term 6, and 32 individuals were in term 8. The highest mean score as obtained in managerial aspect. In addition, the highest
mean score was related to the items concentration of the managers solely on the person who has made the mistake and disregarding of the other
factors involved in mediation error†and lack of receiving a positive feedback from the nursing supervisors following reporting the medication errorâ€
and the lowest mean score was related to the item not being considerate to some of the medication errors reporting.â€
Conclusion: The results of this study indicated that the highest mean score for not reporting the medication errors went to the managerial dimensions.
Therefore, the supervisors and the nursing staff should be cautioned regarding their behavior, regarding the medication errors reporting, and consider
the problems and issues systematically.
Keywords: Medication error, University students, Zahedan, Nursing.


Download data is not yet available.



Jahantigh M, Zare S, Shahrakipour M. The survey of the relationship

between ethical climate and ethical behavior in nurses. Der Pharm Lett


Miandoab NY, Shahrakipour M, Zare S. The study of relationship

between the ethical climate and job interestedness. Der Pharm Lett


Gorgich EA, Barfroshan S, Ghoreishi G, Yaghoobi M. Investigating

the causes of medication errors and strategies to prevention of

them from nurses and nursing student viewpoint. Glob J Health Sci


Anderson DJ, Webster CS. A systems approach to the reduction of

medication error on the hospital ward. J Adv Nurs 2001;35(1):34-41.




Asian J Pharm Clin Res, Vol 9, Suppl. 2, 2016, 164-167

Pournamdar et al.

Mrayyan MT, Shishani K, Al-Faouri I. Rate, causes and reporting

of medication errors in Jordan: Nurses’ perspectives. J Nurs Manag


Hansen RA, Greene SB, Williams CE, Blalock SJ, Crook KD,

Akers R, et al. Types of medication errors in North Carolina nursing

homes: A target for quality improvement. Am J Geriatr Pharmacother


Hughes RG, Ortiz E. Medication errors: Why they happen, and how

they can be prevented. J Infus Nurs 2005;28 2 Suppl:14-24.

Lehmann CU, Conner KG, Cox JM. Preventing provider errors: Online

total parenteral nutrition calculator. Pediatrics 2004;113(4):748-53.

Hosseinzadeh M, Aghajari PE, Mahdavi N. Reasons of nurses

medication errors and persepectives of nurses on barriers of error

reporting. Hayat 2012;18(2):66-75.

Nikpeyma N, Gholamnejad H. Reasons for medication errors in nurses

veiws. J Shahid Beheshti Sch Nurs Midwifery 2009;19(64):18-24.

Jolaee S, Hajibabaee F, Peyravi H, Haghani H. Nursing medication

errors and its relationship with work condition in Iran University of

Medical Sciences. Iran J Med Ethics Hist Med 2009;3(1):65-76.

Young H. Lack of pharmacological training causes overuse and misuse

of drugs. CMAJ 2008;178(3):276.

Webster CS, Anderson DJ. A practical guide to the implementation of

an effective incident reporting scheme to reduce medication error on the

hospital ward. Int J Nurs Pract 2002;8(4):176-83.

Hume M. Changing hospital culture and systems reduces drug errors

and adverse events. Qual Lett Healthc Lead 1999;11(3):2-9.

Stratton KM, Blegen MA, Pepper G, Vaughn T. Reporting of medication

errors by pediatric nurses. J Pediatr Nurs 2004;19(6):385-92.

Nejad IM, Hojjati H, Sharifniya SH, Ehsani SR. Evaluation of

medication error in nursing students in four educational hospitals in

Tehran. Iran J Med Ethics Hist Med 2010;3:60-9.

Alijanzadeh M, Mohebifar R, Azadmanesh Y, Faraji M. The frequency

of medication errors and factors influencing the lack of reporting

medication errors in nursing at teaching hospital of Qazvin University

of Medical Sciences, 2012. J Health 2015;6(2):169-79.

Chiang HY, Pepper GA. Barriers to nurses’ reporting of medication

administration errors in Taiwan. J Nurs Scholarsh 2006;38(4):392-9.

Heydari H, Kamran A, Pirzadeh A. Assessment of nurses perceived

barriers and behaviors and behaviors to reporting medication errors in

hospitals of Lorestan University of Medical Sciences. Iran Health Syst

Res 2012;8:806-13.

Musarezaie A, Irajpoor A, Abdoli S, Ahmadi M, Ghasemi TM. How

do wedecline the medicinal errors and refusal in reporting medication

errors in nurses in critical coronary unit? An action-research study.

J Health Syst Res 2013;9(6):594-604.

Wakefield DS, Wakefield BJ, Uden-Holman T, Borders T, Blegen M,

Vaughn T. Understanding why medication administration errors may

not be reported. Am J Med Qual 1999;14(2):81-8.

Uribe CL, Schweikhart SB, Pathak DS, Dow M, Marsh GB. Perceived

barriers to medical-error reporting: An exploratory investigation.

J Healthc Manage 2002;47(4):263-79.

Hesari B, Ghodsi H, Hoseinabadi M, Chenarani H, Ghodsi A. A survey

of nurses’ perceptions of the causes of medication errors and barriers

to reporting in hospitals affiliated to Neyshabur University of Medical

Sciences. Iran J Kerman Univ Med Sci 2015;22(1):105-11.

Mohammadnejad E, Ehsani KK, Salari A, Sajjadi A, Hajiesmaeelpour A.

Refusal in reporting medication errors from the perspective of nurses in

emergency ward. J Res Dev Nurs Midwifery 2013;16(10):61-8.

Pape TM, Guerra DM, Muzquiz M, Bryant JB, Ingram M,

Schranner B, et al. Innovative approaches to reducing nurses’

distractions during medication administration. J Contin Educ Nurs


Elder NC, Graham D, Brandt E, Hickner J. Barriers and motivators for

making error reports from family medicine offices: A report from the

American academy of family physicians National research network

(AAFP NRN). J Am Board Fam Med 2007;20(2):115-23.



How to Cite

Pournamdar, Z., S. Zare, A. Shameli, and H. Jafari. “THE SURVEY OF THE BARRIERS TO NOT REPORTING MEDICATION ERRORS FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF NURSING STUDENTS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 9, no. 8, Oct. 2016, pp. 164-7, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2016.v9s2.13414.



Original Article(s)