Background: Menopause is a stage in life when a woman stops having her monthly period. It is a normal part of aging and marks the end of a woman's
reproductive years. The age of menopause varies from 45 to 50 years. In some woman, the age of menopause may be 51 or 52 years.
Aim: This study aims to evaluate the stress and its influence on quality of life (QOL) in postmenopausal women in selected areas, Kattankulathur
Block, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in selected areas in Kattankulathur Block, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. After initial screening, simple
random sampling technique was adopted to select the study participants. The total sample size comprised 130 postmenopausal women. Assessments
were made by Sheldon Cohen's, the Perceived Stress Scale for assessing the stress level of postmenopausal women and the World Health Organization
QOL-BREF Scale for assessing their QOL.
Results: This study showed that the majority of postmenopausal women 90 (70.4%) had very high level of stress. Maximum of postmenopausal
women 56 (44%) had very poor QOL, and 59 (46%) were very dissatisfied about their health status. The lower mean scores were found in physical,
psychological, social, and environment domain among postmenopausal women. There was moderate negative correlation found between stress and
QOL among postmenopausal women. It shows that, when the stress was increased, poor QOL was experienced by postmenopausal women.
Conclusion: This study results showed that the majority of postmenopausal women 90 (70.4%) had very high level of stress which negatively affected
the QOL of postmenopausal women.
Keywords: Stress, Quality of life, Postmenopausal women.


1. Available from: https://www.my.clevelandclinic.org/health/hic-what-
2. Available from: https://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Menopause.
3. Available from: https://www.menopause.org/women/
menopauseflashes/stress-getting-serious-about –solutions.
4. Francina S. Yoga and the wisdom of menopause. A Guide to Physical,
Emotional and Spiritual Health at Midlife and Beyond. Florida: Health
communications, Inc.; 2003.
5. Rogers CD. Breathing exercises for anxiety in menopause, 2011.
Available from: https://www.Livestrong.com.
6. WHOQOL-BREF Introduction, Administration, Scoring world Health
Organization, December, 1996. Available from: https://www.who.int/
mental_ health/media/en/76.pdf.
7. Abedzadeh Kalarhoudi M, Taebi M, Sadat Z, Saberi F. Assessment of
quality of life in menopausal periods: A population study in kashan,
iran. Iran Red Crescent Med J 2011;13(11):811-7.
8. Conde DM, Pinto-Neto AM, Santos-Sá D, Costa-Paiva L, Martinez EZ.
Factors associated with quality of life in a cohort of postmenopausal
women. Gynecol Endocrinol 2006;22(8):441-6.
9. Yoga for menopause - cope with menopause through yoga. Available
from: https://www.abc-of-yoga.com.
10. Beck M. Dc Stress, Menopause symptoms and your Adrenal
glands menopause. Available from: https://www.about.com/od/
managingmenopausal stress.
11. Cohen S, Kamarck T, Mermelstien R. A global measure of perceived
stress. J Health Soc Behav 1993;24:386-96.
12. WHOQOL-BREF- Introduction, Administration, Scoring and Generic
Version of the Assessment. Available from: http://www.who.int/
13. Robert LR. Menopause. Clinical Gynecology. Philadelphia: Elsevier,
Churchill Livingstone; 2006.
14. Sengupta BS, Chattopadhyay SK, Varma TR. Menopause. Gynaecology
for Post Graduates & Practitioners. 2
ed. New Delhi: Elsevier; 2007.
p. 292-300.
15. Chen Y, Lin SQ, Wei Y, Gao HL, Wang SH, Wu ZL. Impact of
menopause on quality of life in community-based women in China.
Menopause 2008;15(1):144-9.
400 Views | 437 Downloads
How to Cite
B, J. “EVALUATION OF STRESS AND ITS INFLUENCE ON QUALITY OF LIFE IN POSTMENOPAUSAL WOMEN”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 9, no. 8, Oct. 2016, pp. 199-01, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2016.v9s2.13539.
Original Article(s)