SILVER NANOPARTICLES FROM TRIANTHEMA PORTULACASTRUM: GREEN SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTICANCER PROPERTIES


Gowri Shankar Krishnan, Namrata Pradhan, Masilamani K, Albin T Fleming

Abstract


ABSTRACT
Objective: In this study, silver nanoparticles (SNPs) were synthesized using an aqueous extract of Trainthema portulacastrum and silver ions (Ag+)
which have been proven against certain pathogenic bacterial strains and hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) cell line.
Methods: The bio fabricated nanoparticles were confirmed by surface plasmon resonance which were characterized by biophysical measures
utilizing the ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray, and transmission electron microscope
(TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, particle size analyzer, and X-ray diffraction. Antibacterial efficacy against Enterobacter aerogens,
Proteus mirabilis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermis, and Bacillus subtilis. The effect of SNPs tested against HepG2 and NIH/3T3 cell line
exhibits a dose-dependent toxicity.
Results and Conclusion: The SEM and TEM images confirmed the presence of spherical and hexagonal shape (0.3-4 μm) of nanocrystalline particles
with the size range of 11.5-29.2 nm. The average particles size of SNPs is 190.3±17.0 nm. Antibacterial activity was carried out by agar well diffusion
method against different pathogenic bacteria of which B. subtilis showed a significant zone of inhibition 8.66 mm and 12.0 mm for aqueous plant
extract and synthesized SNPs. The effect of SNPs tested against HepG2 and NIH/3T3 cell line exhibits a dose-dependent toxicity. In case of HepG2, the
cell viability was decreased to 50% (IC50) at the concentration of 173.8±0.84 μg/mL. From the results, it can be concluded that the SNPs fabricated
using green synthesis method will be a promising candidate in the biomedical field, due to its high bioactive properties.
Keywords: Silver nanoparticles, Trainthema portulacastrum, Antibacterial activity, Cytotoxic activity.


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About this article

Title

SILVER NANOPARTICLES FROM TRIANTHEMA PORTULACASTRUM: GREEN SYNTHESIS, CHARACTERIZATION, ANTIBACTERIAL AND ANTICANCER PROPERTIES

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i3.16216

Date

01-03-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 3 March 2017 Page: 308-313

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

203 Views | 99 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Gowri Shankar Krishnan
Loyola College, chennai. Department of Advanced zoology and Biotechnology
India

Namrata Pradhan

Masilamani K

Albin T Fleming


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