MICROPROPOGATION AND ANALYSIS OF PHYTOCHEMICAL PROFILE OF TISSUE CULTURE GROWN PLANTAGO OVATA FORSK.
Objectives : Plantago ovata is an important medicinal plant of Himalayan region greatly used in herbal dugs manufacturing. The plant is multipurpose and strictly present in the Himalaya. Plantago has many medicinal properties such as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and hematopoiesis effects and protects the liver and is used for the treatment of cancer. The plant being medicinal possesses complex phytochemicals. The investigation of various Plantago organ (leaves, stem etc) revealed their high potential to produce a wide array of bioactive secondary metabolites. In present study the a new method of micropropagation through tissue cultureÂ was developed for Plantago so as to meet the future demand of plant. Futher a morphological and physiochemical comparison of tissue culture grown plant was done with in vivo grown plants.
Methods:Â Plantago ovata was grown in -vitro through tissue culture technique using MS media and in-vivo in the nursery area of Shoolini University. In vitro culture of Â Plantago ovata forsk. were managed to restrict the ecological factors and to control the culture conditions. Experimental culture parameter including germination and phytochemical constituents of Plantago ovata in vivo and in vitro conditions were observed.
Results: The result revealed changes in the concentration of phytochemical constituentâ€™s in tissue culture grown Plantago. Phytochemicals constituents (carbohydrate, tannin, chlorophyll, saponin) was reduced in tissue culture grown plant where as some phytochemicals (phenol, alkaloid, flavanoid, protein, phytosterol) increased in tissue culture grown plant than in vivo plant.Â A reduction in morphological trait was found in tissue cultured plant.
Conclusion: The developed tissue culture method for the micropropagation ofÂ Plantago ovata can be used as milestone to meet the industrial need in near future.
Keywords: Plantago, Tissue Culture Technique, germination, phytochemicals.
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