KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND AWARENESS OF DENTAL UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS REGARDING HIV/AIDS PATIENTS
Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the knowledge, awareness and the attitude of dental students towards HIV/AIDS patients and to know whether knowledge has any influence on the attitude and willingness to treat HIV/AIDS patients.
Methods: A self administered structured questionnaire consisting of 19 questions on knowledge, attitude and awareness about HIV/AIDS was distributed among 100 students randomly belonging to third year, final year and intern students of saveetha dental college, saveetha university, chennai. The data extracted were tabulated, statistically analyzed using SPSS Version 20.0 and results obtained.
Results: The results revealed that many of the respondents demonstrated a good level of knowledge. The total mean knowledge score was 73% (good knowledge).There was a statistically significant difference of knowledge levels among the third year, final year students and the interns. The overall mean attitude score was 62.7% (negative attitude). There was no statistically significant difference of attitude among the three groups.
Conclusion: Majority of dental students in our study have good level of knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS. Final year students have the highest level of knowledge and third year students have minimum level of knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS. Irrespective of the year of study, majority of the students showed a negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS patients and only a few among the interns showed a positive approach towards treating HIV patients. Hence these findings imply that there is a need to improve educational methods to more clearly address misconceptions and attitudes towards the disease.
2. Scully C, Greenspan JS. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) transmission in dentistry. J Dent Res 2006;85(9):794-800.
3. Robert LM, Bell DM. HIV transmission in the health-care setting: Risk to health-care workers and patients. Infect Dis Clin North Am 1994;8:319-29.
4. Tarantola A, Abiteboul D, Rachline A. Infection risks following accidental exposure to blood or body fluids in health care workers: A review of pathogens transmitted in published cases. Am J Infect Control 2006;34(6):367-75.
5. Sadeghi M, Hakimi H. Iranian dental students knowledge of and attitudes towards HIV/AIDS patients. J Dent Educ 2009;73:740-5.
6. Ryalat ST, Sawair FA, Shayyab MH, Amin WM. The knowledge and attitude about HIV/AIDS among Jordanian dental students: (Clinical versus preclinical students) at the university of Jordan. BMC Res Notes 2011;4:191.
7. Brailo V, Pelivan I, Å kariÄiÄ‡ J, VuletiÄ‡ M, DulÄiÄ‡ N, Cerjan-Letica G. Treating patients with HIV and hepatitis B and C infections: Croatian dental students knowledge, attitudes, and risk perceptions. J Dent Educ 2011;75(8):1115-26.
8. Erasmus S, Luiters S, Brijal P. Oral hygiene and dental students knowledge, attitudes, and behaviour in managing HIV/AIDS patients. Int J Dent Hyg 2005;3:213-7.
9. Seacat JP, Inglehart MR. Education about treating patients with HIV infection/AIDS: The student perspective. J Dent Educ 2003;67(6):630-40.
10. Cohen LA, Romberg E, Grace EG, Barnes DM. Attitudes of advanced dental education students toward individuals with AIDS. J Dent Educ 2005;69(8):896-900.
11. Azodo C, Umoh A, Ezeja E, Ukpebor M. A survey of HIV related knowledge and attitude among dental nursing students in South Western Nigeria. Benin J Postgrad Med 2007;9:1-12.
12. Alsamghan AS. Knowledge and attitude of male dental students toward HIV/AIDS in King Khalid University, Saudi Arabia. Int J Public Health Epidemiol 2012;1(1):1-8.
13. Seacat JD, Litt MD, Daniels AS. Dental students treating patients living with HIV/AIDS: The influence of attitudes and HIV knowledge. J Dent Educ 2009;73:437-44.
14. Kuthy RA, Heller KE, Riniker KJ, McQuistan MR, Qian F. Students opinions about treating vulnerable populations immediately after completing community-based clinical experiences. J Dent Educ 2007;71(5):646-54.
15. Kuthy RA, McQuistan MR, Rinker KJ, Heller KE, Qian F. Students comfort level in treating vulnerable populations and future willingness to treat: Results prior to extramural participation. J Dent Educ 2005;69(12):1307-14.
16. Azodo CC, Ehigiator O, Oboro HO, Ehizele AO, Umoh A, Ezeja EB, et al. Nigerian dental students willingness to treat HIV-positive patients. J Dent Educ 2010;74(4):446-52.
17. Li R, Dong W, He W, Liu Y. Chinese dental students knowledge and attitudes toward HIV/AIDS. J Dent Sci 2016;11:72-8.
18. Rungsiyanont S, Lam-Ubol A, Vacharotayangul P, Sappayatosok K. Thai dental practitioners knowledge and attitudes regarding patients with HIV. J Dent Educ 2013;77(9):1202-8.
19. Borsum KM, Gjermo PE. Relationship between knowledge and attitude regarding HIV/AIDS among dental school employees and students. Eur J Dent Educ 2004;8:105-10.
20. Quartey JB. Impact of HIV on the practice of dentistry in Houston, Texas. Tex Dent J 1998;115(11):45-56.
21. Kolgiri V, Patil VW, Nagar V. Correlation of total antioxidant status (TAS) with DNA damage in HIV/AIDS patients. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2016;8(6):240-4.
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.