PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF THE ROOT OF BERBERIS MICROPHYLLA


María Cristina Furrianca, Marysol Alvear, Tomás Zambrano, Víctor Fajardo, Luis Salazar

Abstract


Objective: To objective of this work was to perform phytochemical qualitative and quantitative analyzes of the main secondary metabolites in the root of Berberis microphylla.

Methods: The extracts of B. microphylla root were tested through phytochemical screening and the quantification of the most important constituents was carried out using spectrophotometric and gravimetric techniques.

Results: Phytochemical screening of both extracts showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, cardiac glycosides, saponins, terpenes,

and tannins, which are pharmacologically important. Quantification of the major phytochemicals groups showed that the ethanolic extract contains 3.9% alkaloids, 0.46% flavonoids, 9.53% tannins, and 3.60% saponins. Similarly, the methanolic extract contains 6.61% alkaloids, 0.41% flavonoids, 7.40% tannins, and 1.43% saponins.

Conclusion: This is the first time that the presence of tannins, flavonoids, and saponins in this plant has been reported. The medicinal properties of the root of B. microphylla may exist due to the presence secondary metabolites.


Keywords


Calafate, Berberis microphylla, Phytochemical constituents, Secondary metabolites, Patagonian species.

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About this article

Title

PHYTOCHEMICAL CONSTITUENTS OF THE ROOT OF BERBERIS MICROPHYLLA

Keywords

Calafate, Berberis microphylla, Phytochemical constituents, Secondary metabolites, Patagonian species.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i6.17803

Date

01-06-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 6 June 2017 Page: 225-227

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

75 Views | 26 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

María Cristina Furrianca
Department of Nursing, Universidad de Magallanes, Chile.
Chile

Marysol Alvear
Department of Chemical Sciences and Natural Resources, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile.
Chile

Tomás Zambrano
Department of Basic Sciences, Center of Molecular Biology and Pharmacogenetics, Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
Chile

Víctor Fajardo
Department of Science and Natural Resources, Universidad de Magallanes, Punta Arenas, Chile.
Chile

Luis Salazar
Department of Basic Sciences, Center of Molecular Biology and Pharmacogenetics, Scientific and Technological Bioresource Nucleus, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
Chile


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