COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF STROKE


Gopi B, Sushmitha C, Nikitha Ksv, Monika M, Raghavendra Kumar Gunda, Satyanarayana V, Suresh Kumar Jn

Abstract


Objective: Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disabilities worldwide. Cost-effectiveness analysis helps identify neglected opportunities by highlighting interventions that are relatively inexpensive, yet have the potential to reduce the disease burden substantially. In India, there are wide social and economic disparities. Socioeconomic environment influences occupation, lifestyle, and nutrition of social classes which in turn would influence the prevalence and profile of stroke. By reduction of delays in access to hospital and improving provision of affordable treatments can reduce morbidity and mortality in patients with stroke in India. This study is designed to measure and compare the costs (resources consumed) and consequences (clinical, economic, and humanistic) of pharmaceutical products and services and their impact on individuals, healthcare systems and society.

Methods: The purpose of this study is to analyze and conduct a cost-effectiveness analysis for the treatment of stroke in Guntur City Hospitals. The patients were treated either with aspirin or clopidogrel. The health outcomes were measured using Modified Rankin Scale, A prominent risk assessment scale for stroke. The pharmacoeconomic data were computed from the patient data collection forms.

Result: The incremental cost-effectiveness ratio of aspirin and clopidogrel were calculated to be Rs. 8046.2/year.

Conclusion: The study concludes that aspirin has the increased socioeconomic impact when compared to Clopidogrel and we can see that the earlier therapy has supported discharge, home-based rehabilitation along with reduced hospital stay and hence preferable.


Keywords


Stroke, Pharmacoeconomics, Cost-effectiveness analysis, Aspirin, Clopidogrel, Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio.

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About this article

Title

COST-EFFECTIVENESS ANALYSIS IN THE MANAGEMENT OF STROKE

Keywords

Stroke, Pharmacoeconomics, Cost-effectiveness analysis, Aspirin, Clopidogrel, Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2017.v10i7.18318

Date

01-07-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 10 Issue 7 July 2017 Page: 127-130

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

88 Views | 47 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Gopi B
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopet, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
India

Sushmitha C
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopet, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
India

Nikitha Ksv
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopet, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
India

Monika M
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopet, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India
India

Raghavendra Kumar Gunda
Department of Pharmaceutics, Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopeta, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
India

Satyanarayana V
Department of Pharmacy Practice, Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopeta, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
India

Suresh Kumar Jn
Department of Pharmaceutics, Narasaraopeta Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Narasaraopeta, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India.
India


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