Khadar Nawas K


A review on multimodal speaker recognition (SR) is being presented. For many decades the speaker recognition has been studied and still it has grabbed the interest of many researchers. Speaker recognition includes of two levels –system training and system testing. The robustness of the speaker recognition system depends on the training environment and testing environment as well as  the quality of  speech .Air conducted (AC) Speech is a source from  which speaker is recognized by extracting the features. The performance of the speaker recognition system depends on AC speech. further to improve the robustness  and accuracy of  the SR system various other sources(Modals) like Throat Microphone ,Bone Conduction Microphone, array of microphones,Non Audible murmur, non auditory information like video are used in complementary with standard AC microphone. This paper is purely a review on SR and various complimentary modals.


Speaker Recognition; Multimodal Speaker recognition; throat microphone; bone microphone;VQ, GMM

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Speaker Recognition; Multimodal Speaker recognition; throat microphone; bone microphone;VQ, GMM





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Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Special Issue April 2017 Page: 382-384

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Khadar Nawas K
School of Computing Science and Engineering, VIT University, Chennai Campus, Tamil Nadu, India.

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