CLINICAL MANIFESTATIONS OF JUVENILE IDIOPATHIC ARTHRITIS IN TAMILNADU
Â Objective: The objective was to study the functional disability, and clinical manifestations in children diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) in Bhavani town, Tamil Nadu. JIA is a mixed group of disorders among various populations with various clinical manifestations. We have carried out a study herein the data presented.
Methods: Patient's diagnosis of arthritis with an age group of 10-15 years presenting to tertiary care hospital, Bhavani town, Tamil Nadu for a period of 4 months in the year of 2013-2014. A retrospective study have been conducted and reclassified as JIA based on the International League of Association for Rheumatology (ILAR) JIA diagnostic criteria.
Results: Totally 45 patients with arthritis at age of 10-15 years were evaluated during a period of 6 months at the hospital. These patients were further analyzed by ILAR JIA criteria. Average age of disease onset among 15 patients (33.33%) were 6 years with an average age at first visit to the hospital being 7 years and with a male to female ratio of 2:4. Polyarticular rheumatoid factor (RF) negative JIA, at 44.5% was the most frequent type of chronic arthritis encountered. 4.5% polyarticular RF was positive and JIA. 17.7% diagnoses with psoriatic arthritis among the population.
Conclusion: Polyarticular RF negative which was the subtype in JIA was found to be high at Bhavani town, Tamil Nadu. There is a need to elucidate environmental factors of JIA in this region.
Keywords: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis, Bhavani town, Clinical manifestations, International League of Association for Rheumatology, Rheumatoid factor.
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