ANTI-INFLAMMATORY EFFECT OF ELETTARIA CARDAMOM OIL ON CARRAGEENAN-INDUCED PAW EDEMA USING RATS BASED ON TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR α, INTERLEUKIN 6, AND INTERLEUKIN 1 LEVELS IN SERUM


Nithya Sermugapandian, Rubini R, Martina V

Abstract


 Objective: In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory effect of Elettaria cardamom oil and the underlying mechanism using in vivo models of inflammation.

Methods: Male Sprague–Dawley rats, 4-6 weeks old, weighing 120-130 gms are used for the study. The anti-inflammatory study of E. cardamom oil was studied by injecting 0.1 ml of 1% carrageenan to the subplantar region of the right hind paw of rats. The development of acute inflammation was measured at the end of every 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th h using plethysmometer.

Results: As results from the above study, E. cardamom oil at a dose of 0.175 ml/kg was less significant than that of E. cardamom oil at a dose of 0.280 ml/kg when given orally. A p<0.05 shows a significant decrease in paw edema. It also reduced the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor α, interleukin (IL) 1, and IL 6 levels in the serum. The histopathology results also showed a significant reduction of congested blood vessels with no marked impression for inflammation.

Conclusion: E. cardamom oil possesses anti-inflammatory activity in dose-dependent manner as they inhibit the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines.


Keywords


Carrageenan, Elettaria cardamom oil, Pro-inflammatory cytokines, Orally, Subplanter, Plethysmometer, Dose dependent, Anti-inflammatory.

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About this article

Title

ANTI-INFLAMMATORY EFFECT OF ELETTARIA CARDAMOM OIL ON CARRAGEENAN-INDUCED PAW EDEMA USING RATS BASED ON TUMOR NECROSIS FACTOR α, INTERLEUKIN 6, AND INTERLEUKIN 1 LEVELS IN SERUM

Topics

Pharmaceutical Sciences

Keywords

Carrageenan, Elettaria cardamom oil, Pro-inflammatory cytokines, Orally, Subplanter, Plethysmometer, Dose dependent, Anti-inflammatory.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i2.20434

Date

01-02-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 11 Issue 2 February 2018 Page: 207-209

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

38 Views | 41 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Nithya Sermugapandian
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University (VISTAS), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Rubini R
Department of Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vels University (VISTAS), Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
India

Martina V
Department of Pathology, Government Kilpauk Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
India


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