SOCIO-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF TUBERCULOSIS AND IMPACT OF PHARMACEUTICAL CARE ON MEDICATION ADHERENCE AMONG TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS


Arathi Thomas, Joyal Joy, Alan Kurian, Sivakumar V

Abstract


 Objectives: Tobjective of this study is to assess the knowledge and to monitor medication adherence among tuberculosis (TB) patients.

Methods: During the 6 months prospective interventional study, a data collection form was designed. The knowledge and adherence levels were assessed using quantified questionnaires. Patients were counseled using patient information leaflets and reassessed during follow-up.

Results: Results were analyzed using one-way ANOVA and Pearson’s correlation.

Key findings: Among the 65 patients who completed 3 reviews during 6-month follow-up study, there was a statistically significant improvement in medication adherence score from baseline in correspondence with the increase in knowledge baseline to first follow-up revealed a mean increase in medication adherence level of 2.723±1.625 (p<0.05) in correspondence with a mean increase in knowledge level 24.8±5.04 (p<0.05) which is statistically significant. First follow-up to second follow-up showed a mean increase in medication adherence of 1.400±1.072 (p<0.05) in correspondence with a mean increase in knowledge level 28.32±4.4 (p<0.05) which is statistically significant. Second to third follow-up showed a mean increase in medication adherence of 0.123±0.450 (p<0.05) in correspondence with a mean increase in knowledge level 34.18±2.74 (p<0.05) which is statistically significant.

Conclusion: The efforts to improve awareness on TB patients such as providing patient counseling and education could enhance adherence to therapies and thus could improve outcomes and quality of life.


Keywords


Knowledge, Medication adherence, Tuberculosis.

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References


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About this article

Title

SOCIO-EPIDEMIOLOGICAL EVALUATION OF TUBERCULOSIS AND IMPACT OF PHARMACEUTICAL CARE ON MEDICATION ADHERENCE AMONG TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS

Keywords

Knowledge, Medication adherence, Tuberculosis.

DOI

10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i2.20503

Date

01-02-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research
Vol 11 Issue 2 February 2018 Page: 265-268

Print ISSN

0974-2441

Online ISSN

2455-3891

Statistics

35 Views | 50 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Arathi Thomas
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Joyal Joy
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Alan Kurian
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
India

Sivakumar V
Department of Pharmacy Practice, PSG College of Pharmacy, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
India


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