ROLE OF PHARMACIST IN COUNSELING ASTHMA TO IMPROVE PATIENT ADHERENCE IN YOGYAKARTA

  • Chynthia Pradiftha Sari Department of Pharmacy Universitas Islam Indonesia Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Lukman Hakim Department of Pharmacy Gadjah Mada University, Indonesia
  • I. Dewa Putu P. Medical Specialist of Sardjito Hospital Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: To identify the effect of pharmacist-provided counseling on patient adherence and to examine the correlation between adherence level and asthma therapy outcome

Methods: Quasi-experimental through control-group design with pretest-posttest. Study was conducted during February–June 2013 (N=120). Only the intervention group received pharmacist counseling. All participants completed MMAS and ACT questionnaires before and after counseling. They were 18–60 y old and having<8 MMAS pretest score with moderate-severe persistent asthma.

Results: The intervention was pharmacist counseling for 56 patients, and control group had 50 patients. After counseling, 3.92% severe persistent asthma patients showed low-medium adherence, and 62.64% moderate persistent asthma patients had medium-high adherence. The change of MMAS score in the intervention group was 3.71 and 2, and 1.23 and 1.64 in the control group. Wilcoxon and Mann Whitney test indicated a significant difference in patient adherence before and after counseling (p<0.001). Adherence was positively and significantly correlated with therapy outcome (p<0.001; r=0.583).

Conclusion: Pharmacist counseling affects asthma patient adherence. There is a significant correlation between adherence and therapy outcome.
Keywords: Asthma, Counseling, Adherence, Therapy outcome

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Sari, C. P., L. Hakim, and I. D. Putu P. “ROLE OF PHARMACIST IN COUNSELING ASTHMA TO IMPROVE PATIENT ADHERENCE IN YOGYAKARTA”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 14, Aug. 2017, pp. 16-20, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017v10s3.21353.
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