CYTOTOXIC EFFECT FROM ETHYL ACETATE-METHANOL SUBFRACTION OF CARRISA CARANDAS L TOWARD HELA CELLS BY IN VITRO TEST

  • Mamik P. Rahayu Faculty of Pharmacy, Setia Budi University, Central of Java, Indonesia
  • Reslely Harjanti Faculty of Pharmacy, Setia Budi University, Central of Java, Indonesia
  • Mae S. H. Wahyuningsih Center for Tropical Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia
  • Supargiyono . Center for Tropical Medicine, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: Cervical cancer is a malignant type of cancer, often affects women, particularly in developing countries. Carrisa carandas leaves contained many secondary metabolites that had potency as an anticancer. The purpose of this study was to understand the cytotoxic effect of subfraction of Carrisa carandas leaves against HeLa cells.

Methods: Chloroform fraction was separated by VLC gradually with n-hexane–chloroform–ethyl acetate and methanol. The same profiles from eluent chloroform–ethyl acetate composed fraction 18-26 were categorized as Fr4 and ethyl acetate-methanol composed fraction 27-30 as Fr5. The cytotoxic effect was evaluated by MTT assay on HeLa cells

Results: The result showed that the cytotoxic effect of subfraction Fr4 and Fr5 had IC50 values of 177 mg/ml and 98 mg/ml, respectively. Colorless crystal of Subfraction Fr 5-3 had IC50 value of 333 mg/ml. Subfraction Fr 5 showed effective cytotoxic activity than the others. Conclusion: It had chemo-preventive effect against cancer cells

Conclusion: This study applied MTT (Microculture Tetrazolium) method by in vitro test. The advantages of this method are relatively rapid, sensitive and accurate

Keywords: Carandas leaves (Carissa carandas L), Cytotoxic, MTT assay, sub Fraction

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How to Cite
Rahayu, M. P., R. Harjanti, M. S. H. Wahyuningsih, and S. . “CYTOTOXIC EFFECT FROM ETHYL ACETATE-METHANOL SUBFRACTION OF CARRISA CARANDAS L TOWARD HELA CELLS BY IN VITRO TEST”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 10, no. 14, Aug. 2017, pp. 21-23, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2017v10s3.21355.
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