SCREENING OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF FIVE DIFFERENT SPICES (AJWAIN, CORIANDER, CUMIN, FENNEL, AND FENUGREEK) AGAINST PATHOGENIC BACTERIAL STRAINS

  • Salma S Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, PSG College of Arts and Science, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India http://orcid.org/0000-0001-9464-2642
  • Lalitha Ramakrishnan Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, PSG College of Arts and Science, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India
  • Vinothini J

Abstract

 Objective: This study was focussed on an evaluation of antibacterial activities of aqueous and alcoholic extracts of commonly consumed spices, namely, Ajwain (Trachyspermum ammi), Coriander (Coriandrum sativum), cumin (Cuminum cyminum), fennel (Foeniculum vulgare), and Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum).

Methods: This study includes the antibacterial effects of spices against six bacterial strains, namely, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Salmonella typhi, and Staphylococcus aureus to compare their antibacterial effects by the paper disc agar diffusion method with three antibiotics such as amikacin, chloramphenicol, and vancomycin.

Results: According to findings, it is determined that inhibitory activity was detected on aqueous and alcoholic extracts of Ajwain, aqueous extract of cumin and on alcoholic mixed spice sample.

Keywords: Antibacterial activity, Ajwain, Cumin, Fennel, Fenugreek, Coriander, Bacterial strains.

Author Biography

Lalitha Ramakrishnan, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, PSG College of Arts and Science, Affiliated to Bharathiar University, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India

Associate Professor, Head of the Department of Nutrition and Dietetics.

Controller of Examnations at PSG college of Arts and Science

36 Years of Teaching Experience

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How to Cite
S, S., L. Ramakrishnan, and V. J. “SCREENING OF ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF FIVE DIFFERENT SPICES (AJWAIN, CORIANDER, CUMIN, FENNEL, AND FENUGREEK) AGAINST PATHOGENIC BACTERIAL STRAINS”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 11, no. 2, Feb. 2018, pp. 252-4, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i2.22652.
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Original Article(s)