IN VITRO ANTIOXIDANT AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF PHOENIX PUSILLA ROOT EXTRACT
Â Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze the bioactive compound presence, in vitro antioxidant and antimicrobial potential of Phoenix pusilla root extract.
Methods: Extracts were prepared with ethanol, acetone, and hexane by Soxhlet method. Then, the extracts were checked for phytochemicals presence or absence. In vitro antioxidant activity was analyzed by checking its scavenging ability and reducing property. Antibacterial was assayed by well diffusion method and antifungal activity using sabouraud dextrose broth.
Results: The results showed that the ethanolic root extract contains alkaloids, flavonoids, saponin, tannin, and triterpenoids have potent antioxidant activity and inhibitory activity against certain Gram-positive, Gram-negative, and fungi.
Conclusion: The present study revealed the significance of the plant as a drug. Further, in vivo study is needed to be used as curative agent for different health illness.
2. Florence AR, Sukumaran S, Joselin J, Brintha TS, Jeeva S. Phytochemical screening of selected medicinal plants of the family Lythraceae. Biosci Discov 2015;6:73-82.
3. Wimalasiri GE, Ranasinghe P, Gunaratne DM, Arachchi LP. Antioxidant and anti-diabetic properties of Caryota urens (Kithul) flour. Procedia Food Sci 2016;6:181-5.
4. Limmongkon A, Janhom P, Amthong A, Kawpanuk M, Nopprang P, Poohadsuan J, et al. Antioxidant activity, total phenolic, and resveratrol content in five cultivars of peanut sprouts. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2017;7:332-8.
5. Gomez-Navarro C, Jaramillo C, Herrera F, Wing SL, Callejas R. Palms (ARECACEAE) from a Paleocene rainforest of northern Colombia. Am J Bot 2009;96:1300-12.
6. Karthik S, Subramanian M, Ravikumar S, Dhamotharan R. Medicinal plants and their uses: A study of twelve sacred groves in Cuddalore and Villupuram districts, Tamil Nadu, India. Int Educ Res J 2016;2:95-102.
7. Swain SS, Padhy RN. In vitro antibacterial efficacy of plants used by an Indian aboriginal tribe against pathogenic bacteria isolated from clinical samples. J Taibah Univ Med Sci 2015;10:379-90.
8. Kinhal V, Parthasarathy N. Nucleated succession by an endemic palm Phoenix pusilla enhances diversity of woody species in the arid Coromandel Coast of India. AoB Plants 2010;2010:plq007.
9. Evans WC. Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy. 15th ed. London: WB
Sauders Company Ltd.; 2002. p. 230-40.
10. Liang N, Kitts DD. Antioxidant property of coffee components: Assessment of methods that define mechanisms of action. Molecules 2014;19:19180-208.
11. Ebrahimzadeh MA, Nabavi SF, Nabavi SM. Antioxidant activities of methanol extract of Sambucusebulus L. flower. Pak J Biol Sci 2009;12:447-50.
12. Rajan S, Gokila M, Jency P, Brindha P, Sujatha RK. Antioxidant and phytochemical properties of Aegle marmelos fruit pulp. Int J Curr Pharm Res 2011;3:65-70.
13. Nenadis N, Wang LF, Tsimidou M, Zhang HY. Estimation of scavenging activity of phenolic compounds using the ABTS(*+) assay. J Agric Food Chem 2004;52:4669-74.
14. Jyothi Y, Sangeetha D, Kumar KK. Phytochemical screening and in vitro antioxidant activity of Limnathemum indicum. Res J Pharm Biol Chem Sci 2015;6:791-7.
15. Naz R, Bano A. Antimicrobial potential of Ricinus communis leaf extracts in different solvents against pathogenic bacterial and fungal strains. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2012;2:944-7.
16. Erturk O. Antibacterial and antifungal activity of ethanolic extracts from eleven spice plants. Biol Bratisl 2006;61:275-8.
17. Kumar S, Pandey AK. Chemistry and biological activities of flavonoids: An overview. Sci World J 2013;2013:1-16.
18. Goveas SW, Abraham A. Evaluation of antimicrobial and antioxidant activity of stem and leaf extracts of Coscinium fenestratum. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2013;6:218-27.
19. Ashok PK, Upadhyaya K. Tannins are astringent. J Pharmacogn Phytochem 2012;1:45-50.
20. Ramakrishnan K, Krishnan MR. Tannin-classification, analysis and applications. Anc Sci Life 1994;13:232-8.
21. Mazza G. Saponins: Properties, applications and processing. Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr 2007;47:231-58.
22. Kasote DM, Katyare SS, Hegde MV, Bae H. Significance of antioxidant potential of plants and its relevance to therapeutic applications. Int J Biol Sci 2015;11:982-91.
23. Zahin M, Aqil F, Ahmad I. The in vitro antioxidant activity and total phenolic content of four Indian medicinal plants. Int J Pharm Pharm Sci 2009;1:88-95.
24. Gulcin I, Huyut Z, Elmastas M, Aboul-Enein HY. Radical scavenging and antioxidant activity of tannic acid. Arab J Chem 2010;3:43-53.
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.