IN VITRO DETERMINATION OF SUN PROTECTION FACTORS ON ETHANOL EXTRACT AND NANOSTRUCTURED LIPID CARRIER-BASED GEL EXTRACT OF MULBERRY ROOT (MORUS ALBA L.)
Keywords:Mulberry root extract, Sun protective factor, Nanostructured lipid carrier, Spectrophotometry
Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the potential of sun protection factors on extract and nanostructured lipid carrier (NLC) gel of mulberry root extract.
Methods: In this study, the root mulberry (Morus alba L.) was extracted using 96% ethanol and tested its sun protective factor (SPF) values. Mulberry root extract made into NLC with solvent evaporation method. The NLC was evaluated and dispersed into the gel, NLC gel was tested SPF value by petro method.
Results: The result shows that the SPF value extracts of mulberry root at the concentration 300 ppm, 400 ppm, and 500 ppm were 10.84, 28.17, and 66.65, respectively. While the SPF values of NLC gel extract of mulberry root at the concentration of 300 ppm, 400 ppm, and 500 ppm were 9.11, 22.87, and 45.76, respectively.
Conclusion: It could be concluded that extract and NLC gel of mulberry root extract have potential in ultraviolet protection against the skin.
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