ANTIBIOTICS SENSITIVITY TO THE PATIENTS WITH URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN PROF. DR. W. Z. JOHANNES HOSPITAL
Keywords:Urinary tract infections, Antimicrobials resistance, Sensitivity
Introduction: Urinary tract infection (UTI) implies the presence of actively multiplying organisms in the urinary tract. Although it is infrequently associated with mortality, it is still a significant cause of morbidity. UTIs are one of the most common bacterial infections in humans both in the community and hospital setting.
Objective: The objectives of this research were to know antibiotic given to patients with UTI as well as to know the percentage of antibiotic sensitivity to each bacteria causing UTI in RSUD Prof. Dr. W. Z. Johannes Kupang during January 2013â€“December 2013.
Methods: This was a retroprospective hospital-based study conducted in collaboration with Microbiology Department in Prof. Dr. W.Z. Yohanes Hospital, Kupang, from January 2013 to December 2013. In the prior study, it was obtained data of patients with UTI that their urine cultured in Bacteriology Laboratory, RSUD Prof. Dr. W. Z. Johannes Kupang. Based on data of patients which have microbe and sensitivity test result, then it would be obtained the distribution of microbe or germ type, antibiotic sensitivity, and resistance. After that, it was conducted by data analysis.
Results: Among 87 respondents, 34.5% were males and 65.5% were females. The most widely used antibiotic is ciprofloxacin (98.8%). The most sensitive antibiotic is meropenem (93.98%) to the Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumonia, and Enterobacteriaceae group bacteria. The most resistance antibiotic is ampicillin (87.14%).
Conclusion: UTI patients are more common in women compared with men. That germ most commonly found in UTI patients is E. coli. Meropenem was sensitive to all bacterias, while ampicillin was resistance.
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