RELATIONSHIP OF ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS WITH ADHERENCE IN TREATMENT OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS IN MEDAN, INDONESIA

Authors

  • Arlinda Sari Wahyuni Department of Public Health Prevention Community, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Noni Novisari Soeroso Department of Pulmonary and Respiratory, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia.
  • Dian Dwi Wahyuni Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Rina Amelia Department of Public Health Prevention Community, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia
  • Ivana Alona Department of Public Health Prevention Community, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Sumatera Utara, Medan, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11s1.26612

Keywords:

Attitude, Perception, Adherence of treatment, Tuberculosis patients

Abstract

 

 Objective: This study aimed to analyze the relationship of attitudes and perceptions about tuberculosis (TB) with adherence to the treatment of TB patients in Medan.

Methods: A quantitative cross-sectional design. The target population was all patients who admitted to seven primary health centers (PHCs) in Medan. Samples were new TB patients aged >18 years old, with the result of acid-fast bacilli (+) (n=100). Assessment of behavioral adherence, attitudes, and perceptions of treatment were done based on treatment behavior instruments that had been validated and analyzed by the Chi-square test and logistic regression.

Results: The results showed that 55% of the patients adhered to their medication. There was a relationship between attitude and adherence of TB treatment (p<0.05). However, there is no wrong perception correlation with treatment adherence (p>0.05). A good attitude increased 3.7 (95% confidence interval 1624; 8549) times for adherence to TB treatment.

Conclusions: The positive attitude of the TB patients improved TB treatment behavior. Structured education provided by doctors and TB officers in PHC should be done to improve the knowledge and attitude of TB patients.

References

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Published

2018-04-26

How to Cite

Wahyuni, A. S., N. N. Soeroso, D. D. Wahyuni, R. Amelia, and I. Alona. “RELATIONSHIP OF ATTITUDES AND PERCEPTIONS WITH ADHERENCE IN TREATMENT OF PULMONARY TUBERCULOSIS PATIENTS IN MEDAN, INDONESIA”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, vol. 11, no. 13, Apr. 2018, pp. 222-4, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11s1.26612.

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Section

Original Article(s)