AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF MEDICATION ERRORS AMONG PSYCHIATRIC PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

  • Reenu Jose Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.
  • Krishnaveni K Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.
  • Jesna Maria Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.
  • Shanmuga Sundaram R Department of Pharmacology, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.
  • Sambathkumar R Department of Pharmaceutics, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study is to evaluate the common medication error (ME), and its causes, category, and severity by using suitable questionnaire.

Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out for 6 months in a psychiatric department. Demographic data, clinical history, and complete prescription were noted.

Results: A total of 120 psychiatric cases were collected, among that 116 MEs were identified in which male patients were 64 (55%) and females 52 (44.8%). The number of MEs occurred due to physician was 67 (57.7%), due to nurses was 15 (12.9%), and combined was 38 (32.7%). Incomplete prescription was the main type of error that we found. About 43.1% of the error we identified was informed to the staff and and no specific action was needed for 37.1% of errors. In our study, we found that majority of 54 (46.5%) errors were categorized under category B, but there was no harm to the patient.

Conclusion: The present study concluded that most of the patients admitted in the psychiatry department would experience MEs. Clinical pharmacist can play a major role in the early detection and prevention of MEs and thus can improve the quality of care to the patients.

Keywords: Medication errors, Morbidity, Mortality, Psychiatry.

Author Biographies

Reenu Jose, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.

Assistant Professor,

Department of Pharmacy Practice,

J.K.K Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam,

Tamil Nadu, India.

Krishnaveni K, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.
Post Graduate                                                                                                                                           Department of Pharmacy practice
JKK Nattraja of pharmacy, Kumarapalayam-638183                                                                               Namakkal district, Tamilnadu, India
Jesna Maria, Department of Pharmacy Practice, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.

Post Graduate                                                                                                                                                    Department of Pharmacy practice

J.K.K Nattraja of pharmacy, Kumarapalayam-638183 

Namakkal district, Tamilnadu, India

Shanmuga Sundaram R, Department of Pharmacology, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.

Professor & Vice Principal,

Department of Pharmacology,

JKK.Nattraja College of Pharmacy,

NH-47, Salem Main Road,

Kumarapalayam-638183, Namakkal District,

Tamilnadu, India.
Sambathkumar R, Department of Pharmaceutics, J.K.K. Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam, Tamil Nadu – 638 183, India.

Professor and Principal,

Department of Pharmaceutics,

J.K.K Nattraja College of Pharmacy, Kumarapalayam,

Tamil Nadu, India

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Jose, R., K. K, J. Maria, S. Sundaram R, and S. R. “AN OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF MEDICATION ERRORS AMONG PSYCHIATRIC PATIENTS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 11, no. 11, Nov. 2018, pp. 340-3, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2018.v11i11.27601.
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