THE RELATION OF STROKE PATIENTâ€™S CORTISOL LEVEL TO NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH STROKE SCALE CORE ON SPONTANEOUS INTRACEREBRAL HEMORRHAGE: AN OBSERVASIONAL STUDY AT RUMAH SAKIT UMUM DAERAH (REGIONAL PUBLIC HOSPITAL) DR. SOETOMO IN SURABAYA
Objective: The objective of the study was to find out differences in the cortisol level characteristics and National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score in the 1st and 7th days on patients treated at Dr. Soetomo Regional Hospital; thus, it can be the right education for stroke patients.
Methods: A prospective observational study was carried out against stroke patients treated in the neurosurgery department on September 2016â€“ March 2017. Evaluation was done to all patients treated at the neurosurgery department. The evaluation process began with basal hormones within the first 24 h and taken at 6:00 and repeated on the 7th day to surviving patients. Of all the data obtained, the category scale data are presented by its frequency distribution, while numerical scale data are presented by its descriptive value (average and standard deviation).
Results: Of the 17 patients surviving until the 7th day, there is a decrease at the average cortisol level on the 1st day when compared to the average cortisol level on the 7th day with a mean value of 39.67â€“36.57 and so is the highest cortisol level; it decreases from the 1st day of 61.45 to the 7th day of 56.70. Meanwhile, in the NIHSS score value, the decrease in score only occurs in the average value on the 1st and 7th days from an average of 22.82 into 21.41, whereas minimum and maximum scores do not change. With the test result, the cortisol level characteristic gets a score of p<0.05; thus, there is a significant difference.
Conclusion: Of the result of observation already carried out on stroke patients treated at Dr. Soetomo Regional Hospital, treatment and education levels for patients who have a risk of stroke factor are very important.
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