A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF STEREOCHEMICAL EFFECTS OF ANTI-PROSTATE AGENTS BY MOLECULAR DOCKING
Keywords:Stereoisomer, Molecular docking, Anti-prostate agent, AutoDock Vina, Androgen
Objective: A comparative study of anti-prostate agents to investigate the stereochemical influences on binding affinity by molecular docking.
Methods: Structures of enantiomers (R and S stereoisomers) for known anti-prostate cancer (PCa) agents were drawn using ChemBioDraw 2D software. Thereafter, they were converted to 3D structures using the ChemBioDraw 3D software in which they were subjected to energy minimization using the MM2 method and then saved as PDB extension files which can be accessed using the ADT interface. AutoDock Vina (ADT) 1.5.6 software version was used for molecular docking study.
Results: A total of 12 different anti-PCa agents were selected and drawn including well-known drug R-bicalutamide. All molecules showed the binding affinity with respect to the nature of stereochemistry. R-stereoisomers showed better interaction as well as binding affinity toward 1z95 (mutated androgen receptor protein involved in the progression of PCa) whereas their S-stereoisomers were found inferior in comparison.
Conclusion: This study showed that CB1-R and R-bicalutamide (with R-stereochemistry) were better in binding affinity comparative to their counterpart CB1-S and S-Bicalutamide (with S-stereochemistry). All the selected anti-PCa agents were showing the effect of stereochemical center; therefore, we must choose the right kind of stereochemistry while planning to develop the newer anti-PCa agents.
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