NUTRITIONAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ASSESMENT OF WILD EDIBLE FRUIT OF AEGLE MARMELOS (LINN.) USED BY THE TRIBES OF BHIWAPUR TAHSIL NAGPUR DISTRICT, INDIA

  • Chetna S Laddha Ph D Research Scholar, Department of Botany, Hislop College, Temple Rd, Civil Lines, Nagpur – 4400 01, Maharashtra, India.
  • Sushil G Kunjalwar Nutan Adarsh Arts, Commerce and Smt. Maniben Harilal Wegad Science College, Umred, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.
  • Prakash R Itankar University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur- 440 033, Maharashtra, India.
  • Mohammad Tauqeer University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur- 440 033, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

Objectives: Wild edible plants play an important role in human life and are the vital constituent of the traditional diet. People of the Bhiwapur Tahsil
are very close to the nature, wild fruits like Aegle marmelos (Bael), which is one of the natural resources in the Tahsil. They have a direct dependence on
the wild plants for their sustenance. Owing to the easy accessibility, the fruits are very commonly utilized by the tribal populations and travelers.The
present investigation aimed to assess the nutritional and phytochemical analysis of ripened fruits of a popularly known medicinal plant A. marmelose.
Methods: The study includes the estimation of ash content, protein, carbohydrate (sugar), vitamins and mineral contents (Cu, Fe, Mn, Zn, Ca, Na, K)
of Bael fruit. The water extract was screened for the qualitative phytochemical analysis.
Results: The fresh fruits were found a rich source of protein (6.91±0.11 g/100 g), carbohydrate (22.55±0.15 g/100 g) fiber (7.26±0.23 g/100 g) and
energy (133.14 Kcal/100 g). The fruits were found to contain high calcium (86.69±0.01 mg/100 g) content and may be considered as a rich source
to facilitate the rehabilitation of bone problems in the human being. The Na/K and Zn/Cu ratio were found to be 0.012 and 12.26 may attribute the
medicinal properties in cardiovascular disorders. The water extract showed the presence of carbohydrates, proteins, sterols, alkaloids, glycosides,
saponins, polyphenols, and flavonoids.
Conclusion: The nutritional and phytochemical analysis reveals that the fruits are not only acting as supplementary foods, but is the tonic requirements
of the tribal's and deprived of poor Bhiwapur Tahsil.

Keywords: Aegle marmelos, Bhiwapur, nutritional, Phytochemical, Tribal.

Author Biographies

Chetna S Laddha, Ph D Research Scholar, Department of Botany, Hislop College, Temple Rd, Civil Lines, Nagpur – 4400 01, Maharashtra, India.

Associate Professor, 

Jawaharlal Nehru Arts, Commerce and Science College, Wadi, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Sushil G Kunjalwar, Nutan Adarsh Arts, Commerce and Smt. Maniben Harilal Wegad Science College, Umred, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Associate Professor, 

Nutan Adarsh Arts, Commerce and Smt. Maniben Harilal, Wegad Science College, Umred, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India.

Prakash R Itankar, University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur- 440 033, Maharashtra, India.

Asstt. Professor (Sr. Gr.), 

University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur- 440 033, Maharashtra, India.

Mohammad Tauqeer, University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur- 440 033, Maharashtra, India.

PhD Research Scholar,

University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Department of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Amravati Road, Nagpur- 440 033, Maharashtra, India.

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How to Cite
Laddha, C. S., S. G. Kunjalwar, P. R. Itankar, and M. Tauqeer. “NUTRITIONAL AND PHYTOCHEMICAL ASSESMENT OF WILD EDIBLE FRUIT OF AEGLE MARMELOS (LINN.) USED BY THE TRIBES OF BHIWAPUR TAHSIL NAGPUR DISTRICT, INDIA”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 8, no. 1, Jan. 2015, pp. 76-78, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/2944.
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