THE ROLE OF SELENIUM MICRONUTRIENTS AS ANTIOXIDANTS IN EXPOSURE TO E-CIGARETTE SMOKE

  • RIVAN VIRLANDO SURYADINATA Doctoral Program of Public Health, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • MERRYANA ADRIANI Department of Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • SANTI MARTINI Department of Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • SRI SUMARMI Department of Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.
  • BAMBANG WIRJATMADI Department of Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia.

Abstract

Objective: E-cigarette products have resulted in various controversies concerning their posed impacts on health. Some argue that exposure to e-cigarette smoke could improve free radicals in the body; thus, it causes harming impacts on health. Peroral selenium (Se) administration can increase superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) serving as antioxidants in the body.


Methods: This research is an experimental study aiming to analyze the effectiveness of Se to decrease free radical due to exposure to e-cigarette smoke as one of the preventive actions. The research was carried out to male Wistar rats with exposure to e-cigarette smoke and peroral Se intake with different time and duration of administration.


Results: Research results showed a decrease of antioxidant SOD and GPx in the administration of exposure to e-cigarette smoke, and they gradually increased after Se administration (p=0.000). Meanwhile, the malondialdehyde level was inversely proportional compared to antioxidant SOD and GPx.


Conclusion: Se is a micronutrient that can reduce free radicals due to exposure to e-cigarette smoke through enhancement of antioxidant enzymes such as SOD and GPx.

Keywords: Selenium, Malondialdehyde, E-cigarette, Glutathione peroxidase, Superoxide dismutase

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RIVAN VIRLANDO SURYADINATA, MERRYANA ADRIANI, SANTI MARTINI, SRI SUMARMI, and BAMBANG WIRJATMADI. “THE ROLE OF SELENIUM MICRONUTRIENTS AS ANTIOXIDANTS IN EXPOSURE TO E-CIGARETTE SMOKE”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 12, no. 8, July 2019, pp. 265-8, https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ajpcr/article/view/34454.
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