STUDY OF MEDICATION ERRORS BY PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL APPROACH IN WARANGAL HOSPITALS
Keywords:Medication errors, Prospective approach, Observational study, Medication error reporting systems
Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of medication errors occurring in a multispecialty hospital in Warangal.
Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in Rohini Superspeciality Hospital, Hanamkonda, Warangal, from October 2018 to March 2019, to study the prevalence of medication errors.
Results: In this study, 500 patients were selected, of which 160 were identified with medication errors. Two hundred and seventy-one medication errors were identified among these patients, of which 100 (60.63%) patients were male and 24.37% of patients were female.
Conclusion: This present study manifests that medication errors were predominate in males than in females and also the common age group was 50–60 years.
Bates DW, Boyle D, Vander VM, Schneider J, Leape L. Relationship between medication errors and adverse drug events. J Gen Intern Med 1995;10:199-205.
Lesar T. Medication-prescribing errors in a teaching hospital. A 9-year experience. Arch Intern Med 1997;157:1569-76.
Khosla D, Patel FD, Sharma SC. Palliative care in India: Current progress and future needs. Indian J Palliat Care 2012;18:149-54.
Inch J, Watson MC, Anakwe-Umeh S. Patient versus healthcare professional spontaneous adverse drug reaction reporting: A systematic review. Drug Saf 2012;35:807-18.
Gandhi TK, Weingart SN, Borus J, Seger AC, Peterson J, Burdick E, et al. Adverse drug events in ambulatory care. N Engl J Med 2003;348:1556-64.
Claesson CB, Burman K, Nilsson JL, Vinge E. Prescription errors detected by Swedish pharmacists. Int J Pharm Pract 1995;3:151-6.
Khoja T, Neyaz Y, Qureshi NA, Magzoub MA, Haycox A, Walley T. Medication errors in primary care in Riyadh city, Saudi Arabia. East Mediterr Health J 2011;17:156-9.
Chan M, Nicklason F, Vial JH. Adverse drug events as a cause of hospital admission in the elderly. Intern Med J 2001;31:199-205.
Lu CY, Roughead E. Determinants of patient-reported medication errors: A comparison among seven countries. Int J Clin Pract 2011;65:733-40.
Royal S, Smeaton L, Avery AJ, Hurwitz B, Sheikh A. Interventions in primary care to reduce medication related adverse events and hospital admissions: Systematic review and meta-analysis. Qual Saf Health Care 2006;15:23-31.
Bates DW, Miller EB, Cullen DJ, Burdick L, Williams L, Laird NP, et al. Patient risk factors for adverse drug events in hospitalized patients. ADE prevention study group. Arch Intern Med 1999;159:2553-60.
Barach P, Small SD. Reporting and preventing medical mishaps: Lessons from non-medical near miss reporting systems. Br Med J 2000;320:759-63.
Zakharov S, Tomas N, Pelclova D. Medication errors-an enduring problem for children and elderly patients. Ups J Med Sci 2012;117:309-17.
Gor AP, Desai SV. Adverse drug reactions (ADR) in the inpatients of medicine department of a rural tertiary care teaching hospital and influence of pharmacovigilance in reporting ADR. Indian J Pharmacol 2008;40:37-40.
Hou JY, Cheng KJ, Bai KJ, Chen HY, Wu WH, Lin YM, et al. The effect of a computerized pediatric dosing decision support system on pediatric dosing errors. J Food Drug Anal 2013;21:286-91.
Kaushel R, Bates DW, Landrigon C, Mckenna KJ, Clapp MD, Federica F, et al. Medication errors and adverse drug events in pediatric inpatients. JAMA 2001;285:2114-20
Wilson D, McArtney R, Newcombe R, McArtney R, Gracie J, Kirk C, et al. Medication errors in paediatric practice: Insights from a continuous quality improvement approach. Eur J Pediatr 1998;157:769-74.
Woolf SH, Kuzel AJ, Dovey SM, Phillips RL. A string of mistakes: The cascade analysis in describing, counting, and preventing medical errors. Ann Fam Med 2004;2:317-26.
Mugada V, Devineni RC, Pendyala RM, Vempati D, Kuchi S. Categorization, appraisal, and reporting of medication errors ascertained in medical ward of tertiary care hospital. J App Pharm Sci 2018;8:109-14.
Rey MB, Prados YA, Gomez ES. Analysis of the medication reconciliation process conducted at hospital admission. Classification and variability of drug assessment reports on the GENESIS group. Farm Hosp 2016;40:246-59.
Layqah LA, Alakeel YS, Shamou JZ. The practice of counseling in pharmacy: Patients’ perspectives. Asian J Res Pharm Sci 2018;8:170-6.
Ramadevi K, Kalyan VR, Abeer RM. A study on the effect of dietary factors on functional gastrointestinal disorders in women of hail region in Saudi Arabia. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2018;11:202-7.
Vira T, Colquhoun M, Etchells E. Reconcilable differences: Correcting medication errors at hospital admission and discharge. Qual Saf Health Care 2006;15:122-6.
Praveena P, Usman S, Deepika B, Kumar R, Mohanta GP, Manna PK, et al. Impact of patient counselling on knowledge, attitude, practice and quality of life in patients with Type II diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Indian J Pharm Pract 2011;4:50-4.
Mihajlovic S, Gauthier J, MacDonald E. Patient characteristics associated with adverse drug events in hospital: An overview of reviews. Can J Hosp Pharm 2016;69:294-8.
Francis J, Abraham S. Clinical pharmacists: Bridging the gap between patients and physicians. Saudi Pharm J 2014;22:600-2.
How to Cite
The publication is licensed under CC By and is open access. Copyright is with author and allowed to retain publishing rights without restrictions.