ROLE OF ANTIDEPRESSANT ON THE GLYCAEMIC CONTROL OF UNCONTROLLED TYPE 2 DIABETES MELLITUS PATIENTS
Background: Depression incidence is higher in diabetic patients when compared to the non-diabetic individuals and there exist a two-directional relationship between depression and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Objectives: This study aimed to estimate the frequency of depression and the effect of antidepressant on glycemic control in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.
Methods: This prospective interventional study was conducted in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients with a sample size of 100. These patients were diagnosed with depression using WHO-ICD10 criteria. All study patients had uncontrolled blood glucose levels and were on an optimized maximal dose of combination oral hypoglycemic agents with stable glycoregulation (HbA1c 8.4 ±0.5) were taken up for the intervention with antidepressant. These patients were started on with antidepressant after enrollment and followed up for fasting blood sugar (FBS), post-prandial blood sugar (PPBS), and HbA1c at the end of 3 months and 6 months. And also Hamilton depression rating scale scores were estimated at the beginning of the study and at the end of 6 months.
Results: The frequency of depression among the type 2 diabetes mellitus patients was found to be 42%. There were reduction of mean FBS levels from baseline value of 177 mg/dl to follow-up value of 160 mg/dl (p<0.001), mean PPBS levels from 251.16 mg/dl to 217.84 mg/dl (p<0.001), and mean HbA1c dropped from 8.41 to 7.57 (p<0.001) after the treatment with antidepressant.
Conclusion: Our study concluded that patient started on antidepressant showed a reduction in the blood sugar levels and HbA1c levels from their baseline values, which was clinically and statistically significant.
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