FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH BODY MASS INDEX IN CHILDREN – A COMMUNITY-BASED STUDY

  • NIKHILA PALADUGU Department of Pharmacy Practice, KVSR Siddhartha College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • RAMAKRISHNA RAYITI Department of Pharmacy Practice, KVSR Siddhartha College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • SIDDHARTHA NUTAKKI Department of Pharmacy Practice, KVSR Siddhartha College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • RAJASREE GADDE Department of Pharmacy Practice, KVSR Siddhartha College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • SAILAJA K Department of Pediatrics, Dr. Pinnamaneni Siddhartha Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Foundation, Krishna, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • VIJAYA KUMAR GHANTA Department of Pharmacy Practice, KVSR Siddhartha College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • VISWA SRUJANI KANAGALA Department of Pharmacy Practice, KVSR Siddhartha College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Objectives: The increasing prevalence of overweight, obesity, and underweight in children has implications for their future health and it is vital to understand the modifiable factors that contribute to it. The study’s main objective is to determine the factors associated with the body mass index in children.


Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 346 school children over a period of 6 months. Data were collected using self-administered questionnaire. Physical measurements such as height and weight were obtained from parents. Body mass index was calculated using kg/m2. Children were categorized as overweight, obese, normal, and underweight using their body mass index scores and the factors associated with BMI in children were estimated.


Results: The prevalence of overweight, obesity, normal, and underweight among children was 10.40%, 17.92%, 24.28%, and 41.67%, respectively. Intake of fast food, sweetened beverages, junk food, and consumption of food while watching television, media time indicated a significant relationship with body mass index.


Conclusion: Health care professionals should educate parents and children regarding healthy nutrition and regular physical activity. The implications of obesity, overweight, and underweight should be well explained to make desirable lifestyle modifications for a better future.

Keywords: Body mass index, Obesity, Overweight, Underweight, Children, Factors

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PALADUGU, N., R. RAYITI, S. NUTAKKI, R. GADDE, S. K, V. K. GHANTA, and V. SRUJANI KANAGALA. “FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH BODY MASS INDEX IN CHILDREN – A COMMUNITY-BASED STUDY”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 14, no. 1, Jan. 2021, pp. 176-81, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2021.v14i1.40318.
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