KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE TOWARD COVID-19 DISEASE AMONG VARIOUS PROFESSIONALS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL ONLINE SURVEY

  • ABEETHA S Department of Physiology, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • RAMYA K Department of Physiology, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • BHAGYASHREE N Department of Physiology, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • SUMA S Department of Physiology, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
  • SUREKA V Department of Physiology, A.C.S. Medical College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Objectives: This study aims to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice associated with COVID-19 disease by undertaking a web-based online survey.


Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted all over India during the initial phase of COVID-19 hit between March 19, 2020, and March 29, 2020. Anyone aged 18 years and above using social media were included in the study. The questionnaire had a section on sociodemography which had questions regarding age, gender, marital status, and occupation. This was followed by questions on knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. The knowledge scores were summarized as median with interquartile range as the data followed a non-normal distribution. Attitude and practice questions were summarized individually as proportions and its association with socio-demographic variables was established using Chi-square test. The statistical significance was set at p<0.05.


Results: Occupational groups, marital status, and age group had significant difference between the groups with at least one of the practices with p<0.05.


Conclusion: Since the study provides enhancing effect of knowledge toward protective behaviors, the awareness raising activities and health education through mass media and campaigns, this should urgently be conducted focusing on effectiveness of hand washing, cough etiquette, social distancing, and responsibility to inform suspected cases to local health authority to prevent COVID-19.

Keywords: COVID-19, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice

References

1. Tachfouti N, Slama K, Berraho M, Nejjari C. The impact of knowledge and attitudes on adherence to tuberculosis treatment: A case-control study in a Moroccan region. Pan Afr Med J 2012;12:1-8.
2. Ajilore K, Atakiti I, Onyenankeya K. College students’ knowledge, attitudes and adherence to public service announcements on Ebola in Nigeria: Suggestions for improving future Ebola prevention education programmes. Health Educ J 2017;76:648-60.
3. Bener A, Al-Khal A. Knowledge, attitude and practice towards SARS. J R Soc Promot Health 2004;124:167-70.
4. Chen S, Qiu Z, Xu L, Chen J, Lin Y, et al. People groups’ responses to SARS in the community. Chin Rural Health Serv Adm 2003;23:15-8.
5. Zhou X, Xiu C, Chu Q. Prevention and treatment knowledge and attitudes towards SARS of urban residents in Qingdao. Prev Med Trib 2004;10:407-8.
6. Liu Z, Gao H, Zhang S. Prevention and treatment knowledge towards SARS of urban population in Jinan. Prev Med Trib 2004;10:659-60.
7. Goel S, Gupta AK, Singh A, Lenka SR. Preparations and limitations for prevention of severe acute respiratory syndrome in a tertiary care centre of India. J Hosp Infect 2007;66:142-7.
8. Pawlowski B, Atwal R, Dunbar RIM. Sex differences in everyday risk-taking behavior in humans. Evol Psychol 2008;6:147470490800600100.
9. Cobey KD, Stulp G, Laan F, Buunk AP, Pollet TV. Sex differences in risk taking behavior among Dutch cyclists. Evol Psychol 2013;11:350-64.
10. Duell N, Steinberg L, Icenogle G, Chein J, Chaudhary N, Di Giunta L, et al. Age patterns in risk taking across the world. J Youth Adolesc 2018;47:1052-72.
11. Neela B, Jakkula S, Mujeebuddin, Gaur RP. Corticosteroids and secondary infections: An insight into coronavirus disease-2019. Asian J Pharm Clin Res 2021;14:36-47.
Statistics
32 Views | 23 Downloads
Citations
How to Cite
S, A., RAMYA K, B. N, S. S, and S. V. “KNOWLEDGE ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE TOWARD COVID-19 DISEASE AMONG VARIOUS PROFESSIONALS: A CROSS-SECTIONAL ONLINE SURVEY”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 14, no. 4, Apr. 2021, pp. 60-63, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2021.v14i4.40671.
Section
Original Article(s)