PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND TOXICITY OF STINGLESS BEE PROPOLIS FROM VARIOUS PROVINCES IN INDONESIA

  • MAHANI MAHANI Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Industrial Technology, Padjadjaran University, West Java, Indonesia.
  • JAFAR SYIDIK Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Industrial Technology, Padjadjaran University, West Java, Indonesia.
  • ZAIDA ZAIDA Department of Food Technology, Faculty of Agricultural Industrial Technology, Padjadjaran University, West Java, Indonesia.
  • AHMAD SULAEMAN Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, West Java, Indonesia.
  • HARDINSYAH HARDINSYAH Department of Community Nutrition, Faculty of Human Ecology, IPB University, West Java, Indonesia.
  • NUNUNG NURJANAH National Institute of Health Research and Development, Indonesian Ministry of Health, West Java, Indonesia.

Abstract

Objective: The main objectives of the research are to determine the phytochemical content and toxicity of stingless bee propolis from various provinces in Indonesia.


Methods: Phytochemical testing of alkaloids and triterpenoids on propolis used a qualitative method, while for testing phenolics, flavonoids, and tannins using quantitative methods. Then, to test the toxicity of stingless bee propolis using the Brine Shrimp Lethality Test method.


Results: Propolis with the highest alkaloid and triterpenoid content is Central Java propolis from Tetragonula laeviceps species. Then, propolis with the highest total flavonoid content is South Sulawesi propolis of Tetragonula biroi species. Propolis with the highest total tannin content and total phenolic content is South Sulawesi propolis from Geniotrigona incise species. Propolis with the highest toxicity is Banten propolis from T. laeviceps species.


Conclusion: Stingless bee propolis from various provinces in Indonesia contains various phytochemicals and toxicities. Furthermore, there is a strong correlation between total flavonoid content and propolis toxicity.

Keywords: Propolis, Stingless bees, Phytochemicals, Toxicity, Resin plant

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MAHANI, M., J. SYIDIK, Z. ZAIDA, A. SULAEMAN, H. HARDINSYAH, and N. NURJANAH. “PHYTOCHEMICAL COMPOSITION AND TOXICITY OF STINGLESS BEE PROPOLIS FROM VARIOUS PROVINCES IN INDONESIA”. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research, Vol. 14, no. 5, May 2021, pp. 117-21, doi:10.22159/ajpcr.2021.v14i5.41116.
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