TO EVALUATE HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF LEAVES OF OCIMUM SANCTUM USING ANIMAL MODEL
Objective: To evaluate the hepatoprotective activity of leaves of Ocimum sanctum in carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) induced hepatotoxicity in albino
Methods: This study was conducted on 12 healthy albino rabbits of either sex weighing 1.5-2.0 kg, divided into 2 groups. Hepatotoxicity was induced
in rabbits by CCl4 0.05 mg/kg, intra-peritonealy. Alcoholic extracts of leaves of O. sanctum was administered orally for 20 days from 1 day to day 20 in
the doses of 100 mg/kg/day with the help of a syringe.
Results: Group I: The rise of serum transaminase (p<0.001), serum alkaline phosphatase (p<0.001), serum bilirubin (p<0.001) and decrease in
serum albumin (p<0.001) due to hepatotoxic effect of CCl4 when compared to zero-day of same group (p<0.001). Group II: O. sanctum extract was able
to bring down the level of serum transaminase, serum alkaline phosphatase, serum bilirubin and increased in serum albumin in a statistical highly
significant amount (p<0.001), when compared with Group I.
Conclusion: O. sanctum leaves found to be effective in reducing serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase, serum glutamic pyruvic transaminase
alkaline phosphatase, serum bilirubin. O. sanctum extract helps in normalize serum albumin level. O. sanctum extract had shown protection in the
restoration of liver function and regeneration of liver cells as observed on histopathology.
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