APPLICATION OF RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY IN OPTIMIZATION OF PACLITAXEL LIPOSOMES PREPARED BY THIN FILM HYDRATION TECHNIQUE


Amol A. Tatode, Arun T. Patil, Milind J. Umekar

Abstract


Objective: The present investigation was aimed to optimize the formula of paclitaxel-loaded liposomes (PTL) by using the application of response surface methodology (RSM).

Methods: Paclitaxel-loaded liposome (PTL) was optimized by response surface methodology based on two parameters, namely, percent entrapment efficiency (% EE) and percent in vitro drug release at 12 h (% DR). The liposome formula was prepared using 32 factorial design, and the selected independent variables were, phospholipid (phospholipon 90G) and cholesterol (CH) concentrations. Nine formulas of paclitaxel-loaded liposome were prepared by thin film hydration technique (THF). The entrapment efficiency, in vitro release studies and drug content, were evaluated using on UV-visible spectrophotometer at λmax-230 nm. The developed PTL formulation vesicle morphology, particle size, polydispersity index (PDI) and zeta potential (ζ) were evaluated by Motic digital microscope and Malvern zetasizer respectively.

Results: Using response surface methodology the estimated coefficient values obtained for independent variables in the regression equations, exhibited that the phospholipid (PL90G) and cholesterol (CH) molar concentration was observed to be highly influencing variables in optimizing % EE (86.67±0.67) and % DR (63.49±1.21). In the prediction of % EE and % DR values, the percent relative errors (PRE) was found to be low (–0.290%) and (0.058%) respectively. This suggests that design-developed model was found to be suitable for PTL formulations and thus, validate the model.

Conclusion: Experimental results show that the observed responses were in close agreement with the predicted values and this demonstrates the reliability of the RSM in an optimization of % EE and % DR in paclitaxel liposomal (PTL) formulations.


Keywords


Response surface methodology, Paclitaxel, Liposomes, Thin film hydration technique

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About this article

Title

APPLICATION OF RESPONSE SURFACE METHODOLOGY IN OPTIMIZATION OF PACLITAXEL LIPOSOMES PREPARED BY THIN FILM HYDRATION TECHNIQUE

Keywords

Response surface methodology, Paclitaxel, Liposomes, Thin film hydration technique

DOI

10.22159/ijap.2018v10i2.24238

Date

07-03-2018

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics
Vol 10, Issue 2 (Mar-Apr), 2018 Page: 62-69

Online ISSN

0975-7058

Statistics

78 Views | 65 Downloads

Authors & Affiliations

Amol A. Tatode
Department of Pharmaceutics, University Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University, Nagpur, Maharashtra 440033, India
India

Arun T. Patil
Smt. Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, Kamptee, Nagpur, Maharashtra – 441002, India

Milind J. Umekar
Smt. Kishoritai Bhoyar College of Pharmacy, Kamptee, Nagpur, Maharashtra – 441002, India


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