EFFECTS OF EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL VERSUS RICE BRAN OIL ON GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES MELLITUS

  • NADIYAH WIJAYANTHIE Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia,
  • DWIRINI RETNO GUNARTI Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia
  • NURUL RATNA MANIKAM Department of Nutrition, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia,
  • YULHASRI Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, 10430, Indonesia

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) and rice bran oil (RBO) on glycemic control and lipid profiles in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).


Methods: Ten patients with T2DM received 15 ml/day of EVOO or RBO. Levels of fasting blood glucose (FBG), postprandial blood glucose (PBG), total cholesterol (TC), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C), and triglycerides (TGs) were measured. RBO or EVOO was administered for 4 consecutive weeks. During a 2-week interval, the treatment was not administered. After this washout period, a crossover design was implemented by exchanging EVOO supplementation with RBO supplementation and vice versa for 4 consecutive weeks.


Results: Changes in levels of FBG, PBG, TC, LDL-C, and TGs were not significantly different in the two groups. However, significantly decreased the levels of HDL-C were observed in both groups.


Conclusion: RBO and EVOO had no significant influence on levels of FBG or PBG.

Keywords: Type 2 diabetes mellitus, Olive oil, Rice bran oil, Glucose level, Lipid level

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WIJAYANTHIE, N., GUNARTI, D. R., MANIKAM, N. R., & YULHASRI. (2019). EFFECTS OF EXTRA VIRGIN OLIVE OIL VERSUS RICE BRAN OIL ON GLYCEMIC CONTROL IN PATIENTS WITH TYPE-2 DIABETES MELLITUS. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 11(6), 56-59. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2019.v11s6.33540
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