VALIDATION, STABILITY STUDIES, AND SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF CO-ENCAPSULATED CURCUMIN, EPIGALLOCATECHIN GALLATE NANOFORMULATION BY RP-HPLC METHOD

Authors

  • GYAMCHO TSHERING BHUTIA Laboratory of Nanomedicine, Division of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0403-1798
  • ASIT KUMAR DE Department of Chemistry, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1364-2550
  • TANMOY BERA Laboratory of Nanomedicine, Division of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, Department of Pharmaceutical Technology, Jadavpur University, Kolkata 700032, West Bengal, India https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4405-3767

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2022v14i6.45818

Keywords:

RP-HPLC method development, Forced degradation, Stability studies, Curcumin, EGCG, Nanoformulation, Co-encapsulation

Abstract

Objective: A new reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method was developed to simultaneously determine curcumin and epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) in novel nanoformulation.

Methods: The high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) method was achieved by using a Thermo Scientific Hypersil Base Deactivated Silica (BDS) C18 column (25 cm X 4.6 mm, 5 µm) at 35 ºC column oven temperature. The chromatographic procedure was performed with a mobile phase of acetonitrile and 0.025 M (pH 4.0) potassium dihydrogen phosphate (KH2PO4) buffer by gradient mode of elution. The injection volume was 20 µl, and the flow rate was 1.5 ml/min, with ultraviolet (UV) detection using a diode array detector (DAD) at a 268 nm isosbestic wavelength.

Results: Drug entrapment efficiency studies were performed with co-encapsulated EGCG and curcumin nanoformulation, which were found to be 94.35 % and 95.12 %, respectively. This shows that the developed method is highly effective. EGCG and curcumin were eluted at 3.9 minutes and 10.7 minutes, respectively. The linearity range was 25-175 µg/ml for EGCG and 12.5-100 µg/ml for curcumin. The correlation coefficient was 0.991 for EGCG and 0.999 for curcumin from the linearity curve, which indicates that the method can produce good sensitivity. Forced degradation studies were conducted in acidic, basic, oxidative, thermal, photolytic, and UV stress conditions, where all the degradation peaks were monitored.

Conclusion: The developed method was linear, simple, rapid, robust, and precise. It could be used to quantify EGCG and curcumin simultaneously in various nanoformulations for in-vivo and in-vitro applications.

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Published

25-08-2022

How to Cite

BHUTIA, G. T., KUMAR DE, A., & BERA, T. (2022). VALIDATION, STABILITY STUDIES, AND SIMULTANEOUS ESTIMATION OF CO-ENCAPSULATED CURCUMIN, EPIGALLOCATECHIN GALLATE NANOFORMULATION BY RP-HPLC METHOD. International Journal of Applied Pharmaceutics, 14(6). https://doi.org/10.22159/ijap.2022v14i6.45818

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