REVIEW OF CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF ABHRAKA WSR TO PINAKA ABHRAKA

  • JAY PRAKASH GUPTA BAMS, MD(Scholar)
  • MANISHA GOYAL Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.
  • RAJARAM AGARWAL Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

Abstract

Rasashastra (Vedic chemistry) is the root branch of the Ayurveda (the science of life) that deals with herbomineral preparations. Abhraka (mica) is a mineral that classified in Maharasa group of Rasashastra. It contains several elements such as Si, Fe, Al, Mg, Na, and K as main ingredients. Four types of abhrakas are described in the Classics of Rasashastra including pinaka. Property of Pinaka is told that when it is heated on fire, the layers get separates. Intake of its bhasma causes severe constipation. The characteristic effect of pinak abhraka can be correlated with muscovite – paragonite micas. Because their perfect basal cleavage allows them to be split into thin, flexible sheets. Muscovite–paragonite series group of mica having hydrous potassium, sodium, aluminum, and silicate minerals. In this hydrous group, aluminum hydroxide causes constipation. In this paper, an attempt will be made to explain how does pinaka abhrak causes severe constipation.

Keywords: Abhrak, Pinak, Constipation, Hydroxide group, Aluminum hydroxide

Author Biography

MANISHA GOYAL, Department of Rasashastra and Bhaishajya Kalpana, Dr Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan Rajasthan Ayurved University, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India.

Assistant Professor 

Department of Rasshastra and Bhaishajya kalpana

References

1. Shastri K. Caraka Samhita Purvardh, Part-1. Ch. 30. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Bharati Academy; 2013. p. 587.
2. Shasrti A, Samhita S. Chaukhambha Samskrita Sansthan. Vol. 1., Ch. 1. Varanasi: Sutra Sthana; 2018. p. 7.
3. Kulkarni DA. Rasaratnasamuccaya. Vol. 1., Ch. 1. New Delhi: Meharchand Lachhmandas Publications; 2017. p. 1.
4. Meena M. Ayurvediya Rasshastra. Ch. 1. Jaipur: Jagdish Sanskrit Pustakalaya; 2013. p. 16.
5. Kulkarni DA. Rasaratnasamuccaya. Vol. 1., Ch. 2. New Delhi: Meharchand Lachhmandas Publications; 2017. p. 18.
6. Mishra S, Sudhakar R. Chaukhambha Orientalia. Ch. 5. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Bharati Academy; 2013. p. 90.
7. Mishra S. Rasapaddhati, Chaukhambha Orientalia. Varanasi: Maharas Varg; 2013. p. 80.
8. Kulkarni DA. Rasaratnasamuccaya. Vol. 1., Ch. 2. New Delhi: Meharchand Lachhmandas Publications; 2017. p. 20.
9. Shastri PK. Rastarangani. Ch. 10. Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidas; 2014. p. 221.
10. Reddy PS. A Text Book of Rasshastra, Part-B. Ch. 1. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2017. p. 169.
11. Shastri PK. Rastarangani. Ch. 10. Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidas; 2014. p. 223.
12. Shastri PK. Rastarangani. Ch. 10. Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidas; 2014. p. 222.
13. Mishra G. Ayurved Prakash. Ch. 2. Varanasi: Chaukambha Bharati Academy; 2016. p. 280.
14. Kulkarni DA. Rasaratnasamuccaya. Vol. 1., Ch. 2. New Delhi: Meharchand Lachhmandas Publications; 2017. p. 19.
15. Mishra S. Ayurvedeeya Rasashastra. Ch. 3. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalia; 2018. p. 299.
16. Mishra G. Ayurved Prakash. Ch. 2. Varanasi: Chaukambha Bharati Academy; 2016. p. 286-91.
17. Shastri PK. Rastarangani. Ch. 10. Varanasi: Motilal Banarasidas; 2014. p. 234-5.
18. Dietrich RV. Mica, Encyclopedia Britanica; 2020. Available from: http:// www.britannica.com/science/mica. [Last accessed on 2020 Aug 23].
19. King HM. Muscovite. Available from: https://www.geology.com/ minerals/muscovite.sht. [Last accessed on 2020 Aug 19].
20. Barlow SG, Manning DA. Influence of Time and Temperature on Reactions and Transformations of Muscovite Mica. British Ceramic Transactions; 1999. Available from: http://www.tandfoline.com. [Last accessed on 2020 Aug 10].
21. Reddy PS. A Text Book of Rasshastra, Part-B. Ch. 1. Varanasi: Chaukhambha Orientalial; 2017. p. 169.
22. Muscovite Mineral Data. Available from: http://www.webmineral.com. [Last accessed on 2020 Sep 18].
23. Wienbeck M, Erckenbrecht J, Strohmeyer G. Wirkung von Antazida Auf die Darmmotilitat [Effects of antacids on intestinal motility]. Z Gastroenterol. 1983;21:111-6.
24. Brandt LJ, Prather CM, Quigley EM, Schiller LR, Schoenfeld P, Talley NJ. A systematic review on the management of chronic constipation in North America. Am J Gastroenterol 2005;100 Suppl 1:S5-21.
25. Aluminium Hydroxide Pharmacology. Available from: http://www. informed.ch
Statistics
11 Views | 15 Downloads
Citations
How to Cite
GUPTA, J. P., GOYAL, M., & AGARWAL, R. (2021). REVIEW OF CHARACTERISTIC FEATURES OF ABHRAKA WSR TO PINAKA ABHRAKA. Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Sciences, 9(1). https://doi.org/10.22159/ijas.2021.v9i1.39949
Section
Review Article(s)