JANAPADODHWAMSA- AN AYURVEDIC AND MODERN OVERVIEW IN PRESENT ERA

Authors

  • suman yadav GOVT.P.G. AYURVEDIC COLLEGE & HOSPITAL,VARANASI UP INDIA

Keywords:

JANAPADODHWAMSA

Abstract

Natural calamities including epidemics and pandemic diseases are defined in Ayurveda under the heading Janapadodhwamsa. An epidemic disease is the rapid spread of infectious diseases to a large number of peoples during in a given population within a short period of time, usually two weeks or less. Diseases having similar signs and symptoms affecting variousindividuals of town, state and country at a time and can abolish the whole province is named as Janapadodhwamsa. According to Charakasamhitha factors involved in Janapadodhwamsa which inturn lead to vitiation of environmental influences are Vayu (air), Jala (water), Desha (land), Kaala (season). War and other man-made calamities are also the causative factors for Janapadodhwamsa. According to Chakrapanithere are two kind of causes for diseases, Sadharana(typical) and Asadharana(atypical). Atypical is subjective cause that varies from human to human like food, habits etc., which vitiates Dosha. Typical is common to various people like Vayu, Jala, Desha, Kaala. Diseases due to such common causes are called Janapadodhwamsa. These four factors that have been described in Ayurveda treatises which are common and essential for every living being i.eVayu, Jala, Desha and Kaala.[1] Any abnormal alteration in these four factors can significantly influence individual, or community or environment or all of them together. This variation in the four factors may be understood with an instance considering environmental imbalance and disease outbreak emerged due to ongoing industrialisation, pollution etc. Description of such conditions affecting wide population has already been seen in Ayurvedic treatises dating thousands of years back. AcharyaCharaka termed this condition as Janapadodhwamsa. The vitiated above- said four common factors are the cause for Janapadodhwamsa. Although many scholars considered Janapadodhwamsa as an endemic or epidemic or pandemic disease condition whereas in CharakaSamhita the causes for vitiation of such factors has also been described in a dedicated chapter focused on Janapadodhwamsa. Among four factors Kaalais considered as ultimate among other three factors, since KaalaDushtimay lead to vitiation of other three factors. Kaala has direct relation with Ritu. If Ritucharyais followed properly we can tackle KaalaDushtieffectively.[2]

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Published

02-01-2022

How to Cite

yadav, suman. (2022). JANAPADODHWAMSA- AN AYURVEDIC AND MODERN OVERVIEW IN PRESENT ERA. Innovare Journal of Ayurvedic Sciences, 10(1). Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijas/article/view/43850

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