• Rajeshwari B. Morabad
  • Sharangouda J. Patil


Objective: Karnataka (India) is the darling child of nature where about 722 medicinal plants are available. Ions of different metal elements have an important role in both the reactions. Few elements are essential to the body as nutrients called minerals. Present study deals with trace element analysis was carried out in Ballari district, Karnataka, India.

Methods: 0.25g each of the powdered medicinal plant spice seeds samples digested in 6.5 ml of acid solution to study the trace element like Mn, Fe, Cu, Zn, Cd, and Cr in Coriander seeds, Ajwain seeds, Pepper seeds, Cumin seeds and Sweet cumin seeds at ppm levels were figured out by using AAS analysis.

Results: Analysed trace mineral contents of these spice plants resulted highest level of Manganese is 1.92 ppm, Ferrous is 3.69 ppm and in Chromium is 0.0980 ppm in Ajwain seeds, Copper is 0.42 ppm in Coriander seeds, Zinc is 3.02 ppm and Cadmium is 0.0070 ppm in Sweet cumin seeds and lowest were found Mn is 0.65 ppm, Fe is 2.43 ppm in Coriander seeds, Cu is 0.15 ppm in Cumin seeds, Zn is 1.64 ppm in Pepper seeds, Cd is 0.0018 in Ajwain seeds and Cr is 0.0669 ppm in Sweet cumin seeds were studied in (n=3 ppm) all the sample selected spice seeds by AAS and suggests that the monitoring of trace elements in these medicinal plants does not exceed the limiting values set by World Health Organization to use it as a medicinal application.

Conclusion: These Indian traditional medicinal spice plants can be safely used for food and medicinal purposes.

Keywords: Medicinal Plants, Spices, AAS, Trace elements, Microelements


1. Rajurkar NS, Damame MM. Mineral content of medicinal plants used in the treatment of diseases resulting from urinary tract disorders. Appl Radiat Isot 1998;49:773.
2. Johanson SAE, Campbell JL. PIXE, A noble technique for elemental analysis, Wiley; Chichester; 1988.
3. http://www.lenntech.com/periodic/elements/.htm. Last accessed on 20 Aug 2016.
4. Martin Jr DW, Magers PA, Rodwell VW, Granner DK. Harper’s Review of Biochemistry. 20th ed. Lange Medical Publication; California; 1985. p. 651.
5. Sheded GM, Pulford ID, Hamed IA. The presence of major and trace elements in seven medicinal plants growing in the South-Eastern. J Arid Environ 2006;66:210-7.
6. Chen KS, Tseng CL, Lin TH. Trace elements in natural drugs determined by INAA. J Radioanal Nucl Chem Articles 1993;170:265-80.
7. Samudralwar DL, Garg AN. Minor and trace elemental determination in the Indian herbal and other medicinal preparations. Biolog Trac Elem Res 1996;54:113.
8. Kandala JC, Sharma D, Rathore VS. Iron-manganese and zinc-manganese interactions in maize seedlings. In: Proceeding Use Radioactive Radioisotope Studies Plant Products Symposium, Bhabha Atom Research Centre; Bombay, India; 1974. p. 379.
9. Zinpro Corporation. Epithelial tissue: body,s first line of defence depends upon trace minerals. Trace Miner Focus 2000;6:1-8.
10. Keplan LA, Pesce AJ, Kazmiereczak SC. Clinical Chemistry-Theory, Analysis, Correlation. 4th ed. Mos-by London; 2003.
11. Berdanier CD. Advanced Nutrition-Micronutrients CRC Press: New York; 1994.
12. Reddy PR, Reddy SJ. Elemental concentrations in medicinally important leafy materials. Chemosphere 1997;34:2193-212.
13. Ekinci N, Ekinci RR, Polat, Budak G. Analysis of trace elements in medicinal plants with energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence. J Radioanal Nucl Chem 2004;260:127.
14. World Health Organization (WHO). Determination of Arsenic and Heavy Metals”. In Quality Control Methods for Medicinal Plant Material, Genova, Switzerland, 1998; World Health Organization (WHO). WHO guidelines for assessing the quality of herbal medicines with reference to contaminants and residues, Geneva, Switzerland; 2007.
15. Federal Office for Consumer Protection and Food Safety, Germany (Gesundheitlicher und wirtschaftlicher Verbraucherschutz); 2010.
16. Razic S, Onjia A, Ðogo S, Slavkovic L, Popovic A. Determination of metal content in some herbal drugs–empirical and chemometric approach. Talanta 2005;67:233.
17. World Health Organization (WHO), Traditional Medicine; 1998.
369 Views | 1722 Downloads
How to Cite
Morabad, R., and S. Patil. “ELEMENTAL PROFILE ANALYSIS OF SOME INDIAN TRADITIONAL MEDICINAL SPICE PLANTS OF, BELLARI DISTRICT, KARNATAKA USING AAS TECHNIQUE”. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 9, no. 1, Dec. 2016, pp. 59-61, doi:10.22159/ijcpr.2017v9i1.16609.
Original Article(s)