FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF THE FRUITS OF SYZYGIUM ZEYLANICUM (L.) DC. VAR. ZEYLANICUM


Devi R. C. Bhanu, K. K. Sabu

Abstract


Objective: Wild indigenous fruits are believed to be extremely nutritious, contributing a great deal to the general health of the tribal and rural population. To validate this claim, systematic studies are required to estimate their nutritional composition. The objective of the study was to analyze the fatty acid composition of Syzygium zeylanicum (L.) DC. var. zeylanicum.

Methods: The fatty acid composition of S. zeylanicum var. zeylanicum fruits were analysed by GC-MS/MS.

Results: The major fatty acids were cis-oleic acid (43.47±0.62 %) and linoleic acid (31.14±0.35%). Total monounsaturated fatty acids in the sample was 44.21%. Omega-6, omega-7 and omega-9 fatty acids were detected. The polyunsaturated fatty acids in thefruits were linoleic acid (31.14±0.35 %) and arachidonic acid (0.15±0.22 %), whereas 24.51 % of the total fatty acids were saturated. The ratio of unsaturated to saturated fatty acids was approximately 3:1. The order of abundance of fatty acids, in some of the healthiest oils, viz. olive, canola, peanut oils is, Oleic acid>Linoleic acid>Palmitic acid>Stearic acid and the same order was observed in the present study.

Conclusion: Fruits of S. zeylanicum var. zeylanicum too shows a healthy balance between unsaturated and saturated fats.

 


Keywords


Fatty acids, GC-MS/MS, Wild fruits, PUFA, MUFA

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About this article

Title

FATTY ACID COMPOSITION OF THE FRUITS OF SYZYGIUM ZEYLANICUM (L.) DC. VAR. ZEYLANICUM

Keywords

Fatty acids, GC-MS/MS, Wild fruits, PUFA, MUFA

DOI

10.22159/ijcpr.2017v9i5.22161

Date

21-09-2017

Additional Links

Manuscript Submission

Journal

International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research
Vol 9, Issue 5 (Aug-Sep), 2017 Page: 155-157

Online ISSN

0975-7066

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Authors & Affiliations

Devi R. C. Bhanu
Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Division, Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, Kerala, India
India

K. K. Sabu
Biotechnology and Bioinformatics Division, Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanical Garden and Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram 695562, Kerala, India
India


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