• FATHIA MOUSSE School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
  • HANA MORRISSEY School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom
  • PATRICK ANTHONY BALL School of Pharmacy, Faculty of Science and Engineering, University of Wolverhampton, United Kingdom




Stress, Self-Care, Mental Health, Mental Illness


Objective: Stress, depression and anxiety are common, estimated at 19.7% people showing symptoms of these diseases. Although, effective treatment for depression and anxiety is available, they are still under diagnosed and treated to avoid stigma.

The study aims to explore the impact of pharmacist-led health promotion to increase the university local population awareness about stress, the causes and management.

Methods: A questionnaire-based study which included 50 participants aged 18 and over from the University of Wolverhampton.

Results: The findings revealed that stress has an impact on the individuals’ lives, but they understood the effects of stress. The results informed the different factors that cause stress amongst the participants of multiple demographics.

Conclusion: Change is required to improve the mental well-being of the public. This study improved the University of Wolverhampton’s student’s knowledge and awareness of mental health. It provides in-depth knowledge for a future pharmacist to learn about stress management to help patients with more advanced services given in community pharmacies. Expanding knowledge within this area could assist millions of affected people to seek help.


Download data is not yet available.


1. McManus S, Bebbington P, Jenkins R, Brugha T. (eds.). Mental health and wellbeing in England: Adult Psychiatric Morbidity Survey 2014. Leeds: NHS Digital; 2016.
2. Mental Health Statistics. Mental health statistics: the most common mental health problems; 2018. Available from: https://www.mentalhealth.org.uk/statistics/mental-health-statistics-most-common-mental-health-problems [Last accessed on 24 Apr 2019]
3. MHFA Portal. MHAW18: Top tips for reducing stress in the workplace; 2019. Available from: https://mhfaengland.org/mhfa-centre/blog/lisa-fathers-stress-workplace. [Last accessed on 24 Apr 2019]
4. Robinson J. Challenging the stigma. Pharm J 2017;299:7907.
5. Hatef B, Mohammadi A, Yaribeygi H, Meftahi G. Intensity and prevalence of source of stress in Iran. Health Res J 2016;1:1-2.
6. Sapolsky R. Social status and health in humans and other animals. Ann Rev Anthropol 2004;33:393-418.
7. Mind.org.uk. Stress | Mind, the mental health charity-help for mental health problems; 2018. Available from: https://www.mind.org.uk/information-support/types-of-mental-health-problems/stress/#. XLNi-VNKjOQ. [Last accessed on 24 Apr 2019]
8. Selye H. The stress of life. New York, NY, US: McGraw-Hill; 1956.
9. Davis CG, Manter J. The consequences of financial stress for individuals, families, and society; 2018. Available from: https://pfeef.org/research/efd/Consequences-Fin-Stress-for-Individuals-Families-and-Society.pdf. [Last accessed on 24 Apr 2019]
10. Chang K, Lu L. The influence of occupation on stressors and work behaviours. Int J Human Resource Management 2009;20:591-605.
11. Matta C. 3 Ways to relax in the face of stress. Psychiatry Central; 2012. Available from: https://blogs.psychcentral.com/dbt/2012/09/3-ways-to-relax-in-the-face-of-stress/. [Last accessed on 11 Mar 2019]
12. Griffiths K. Mental health Internet support groups: just a lot of talk or a valuable intervention? World Psychiatry 2017;16:247-8.
13. Stoica M. Occupational stress management. Management Health 2010;14:7-9.
14. Hughes C, Breault R, Hicks D, Schindel T. Positioning pharmacists’ roles in primary health care: a discourse analysis of the compensation plan in Alberta, Canada. BMC Health Services Res 2017;17:770.
15. Pfeiffer B, Stellingwerff T, Hodgson A, Randell R, Pöttgen K, Res P, et al. Nutritional intake and gastrointestinal problems during competitive endurance events. Med Sci Sports Exercise 2012;44:344-51.
16. Munger M, Feehan M. Community pharmacists’ occupational satisfaction and stress: a profession in jeopardy? Response to Rodis and Ulbrich. J Am Pharm Assoc 2014;54:7.
17. Luborsky M, Rubinstein R. Sampling in qualitative research. Res Aging 1995;17:89-113.
18. Nahl D, Bilal D. Information and emotion: the emergent affective paradigm in information behavior research and theory. ASIST Monograph Series. Medford, NJ: Information Today; 2007.
19. Butler RN, Lewis MI. Aging and mental health: positive psychosocial approaches. Oxford, England: C. V. Mosby; 1973.
20. Scott Clayton J, Macleod MJ. Stress, debt and undergraduate medical student performance. Med Educ 2006;40:584-9.
21. Eisenberg D, Gollust S, Golberstein E, Hefner J. Prevalence and correlates of depression, anxiety, and suicidality among university students. Am J Orthopsychiatry 2007;77:534-42.
22. McPherson G. Choosing an alternative path. Conserv Biol 2012;26:383-4.
23. Robbins SP. Organizational Behaviour, Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall. Royal College of Psychiatrists; 2018.
24. O’Brien M. Public perception of pharmacists must change, says pharmacy minister. Pharm J 2009;283:525.
25. Stepping forward to 2020/21: the mental health workforce plan for England. Available from: https://www.hee.nhs.uk/ sites/default/files/documents/Stepping%20forward%20to%20202021%20-%20The%20mental%20health%20workforce% 20plan%20for%20england.pdf. [Last accessed on 11 Mar 2019].



How to Cite

MOUSSE, F., H. MORRISSEY, and P. A. BALL. “EXPLORING UNIVERSITY STUDENTS PERCEPTION OF STRESS AND STRESS MANAGEMENT DURING A UNIVERSITY HEALTH PROMOTION DAY”. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 11, no. 5, Sept. 2019, pp. 93-100, doi:10.22159/ijcpr.2019v11i5.35714.



Original Article(s)

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>