STUDY OF THE VARROASIS INFESTATION RATE IN THE CENTRAL AREA OF ECUADOR

  • VINICIO MONTALVO SILVA Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias de la Universidad Estatal de Bolivar Km1.1/2via a San Simon
  • FABIAN MONTES CLAVIJO Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias de la Universidad Estatal de Bolivar Km1.1/2via a San Simon
  • GUILLERMO VILLAFUERTE Programa Apicola del Instituto Luis A. Martinez, de la Ciudad de Ambato. Pichincha y Rumiñahui
  • DOLORES ORTEGA RUIZ Programa Apicola del Instituto Luis A. Martinez, de la Ciudad de Ambato. Pichincha y Rumiñahui
  • VICENTE JACOME Programa Apicola del Instituto Puruha de la parroquia Quimiag, Cantón Riobamba provincia de Chimborazo
  • MANUEL DUVERLI SANCHEZ Proyectos apicolas Del Gobierno Provincial de la Provincia de Los Rios (Recinto de San Ramon Perteneciente al canton Pueblo Viejo Primera Visita y Recinto Canaveral de Adentro, Parroquia de Caracol canton Babahoyo Segunda Visita). Parroquia Clemente Baquerizo
  • KLEVER VELASCO Proyectos apicolas Del Gobierno Provincial de la Provincia de Los Rios (Recinto de San Ramon Perteneciente al canton Pueblo Viejo Primera Visita y Recinto Canaveral de Adentro, Parroquia de Caracol canton Babahoyo Segunda Visita). Parroquia Clemente Baquerizo

Abstract

Objective: To study the Varroasis Infestation rate in the central area of Ecuador.


Methods: The experimental phase was developed in four apiaries distributed in the provinces: Bolivar, Tungurahua, Chimborazo and Los Rios (12 hives), the experimentation lasted 65 d. A DCA design was applied. Three different systems were used for the identification of varroa: soapy water (SW), honeycomb cut (HC) and the cardboard with semi-solid petrolatum (CSP).


Results: With the SW method, it was obtained that Chimborazo has 23.14%; followed by Tungurahua (7.99%); Los Rios (3.24%) and finally Bolivar with (0.51%); with the HC method, it was determined that Chimborazo has the highest incidence with 9.13%; followed by Bolivar and finally Los Rios; with the CSP method, the province of Chimborazo presents the highest infestation (26250 individuals); followed by Bolivar, Tungurahua, and Los Rios. Regarding the production of eggs for each frame, 3 frames taken from the brood chamber were used in each of the apiaries under study; Chimborazo being where there is less quantity of eggs for each frame, followed by Bolivar, Tungurahua and finally Los Ríos.


Conclusion: The higher the geographical height, the greater the Varroa infestation.

Keywords: Varroajacobsoni, SW, HC, CSP, Bees
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SILVA, V. M., F. M. CLAVIJO, G. VILLAFUERTE, D. O. RUIZ, V. JACOME, M. D. SANCHEZ, and K. VELASCO. “STUDY OF THE VARROASIS INFESTATION RATE IN THE CENTRAL AREA OF ECUADOR”. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, Vol. 12, no. 3, May 2020, pp. 164-7, doi:10.22159/ijcpr.2020v12i3.38332.
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