POINT PREVALENCE OF PAEDIATRIC DENGUE VIRAL INFECTION

Authors

  • PUSAPATI SUCHITRA Department of Paediatrics, GITAM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, GITAM Deemed to be University, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam 530045, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • AMARTHYA SRV GITAM School of Sciences, GITAM Deemed to be University, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam 530045, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • I. JYOTHI PADMAJA Department of Microbiology, GITAM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, GITAM Deemed to be University, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam 530045, Andhra Pradesh, India
  • PAYALA VIJAYALAKSHMI Department of Microbiology, GITAM Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, GITAM Deemed to be University, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam 530045, Andhra Pradesh, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ijcpr.2023v15i1.2072

Keywords:

Dengue, ELISA, Prevalence, Paediatric age group

Abstract

Objective: The study's objective is to evaluate the prevalence of dengue in the paediatric age group based on demographic data and clinical symptoms.

Methods: The study was conducted in the Department of Paediatrics and Central Research Laboratory in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Visakhapatnam. Six months of data were collected from Jan 2022 to June 2022 and a maximum of 100 OPD/IPD cases have been registered during this study period. The entire medical history of all dengue cases, including signs and symptoms, method of diagnosis, management, length of stay, and clinical outcomes, were collected from patient information. NS1 antigen detection was performed by rapid test and Dengue ELISA was performed as a confirmatory test for the detection of IgG and IgM antibodies.

Results: Among the 100 suspected cases of dengue reported to OPD/IPD, 83(83%) were confirmed as dengue positive, and 17(17%) were found to be non-dengue cases with ELISA. More cases were noticed in female children 52 (55%). Prevalence was more in the age group of 5-11 y 43 (52%). The majority number of cases were reported with fever 82 (98.8%) followed by symptoms like vomiting 41(49%), cold 19(16%), and cough 18(15%).

Conclusion: Understanding dengue fever in children, including clinical symptoms, etiology, diagnostic testing, therapy, and prevention, is critical for lowering disease fatality rates.

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Published

15-01-2023

How to Cite

SUCHITRA, P., A. SRV, I. J. PADMAJA, and P. VIJAYALAKSHMI. “POINT PREVALENCE OF PAEDIATRIC DENGUE VIRAL INFECTION”. International Journal of Current Pharmaceutical Research, vol. 15, no. 1, Jan. 2023, pp. 51-53, doi:10.22159/ijcpr.2023v15i1.2072.

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