NEEM BIODIESEL: AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL

Authors

  • ABHISHEK RASTOGI Department of Chemical Engineering, Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur Road Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • MOHD. SHABAN Department of Chemical Engineering, Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur Road Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • SHIVAM SAXENA, Department of Chemical Engineering, Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur Road Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.
  • TEJ PRATAP SINGH Department of Chemical Engineering, Bundelkhand Institute of Engineering and Technology, Kanpur Road Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh, India.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ijet.2021.v9i2.42630

Keywords:

Neem oil, Transesterification reaction, Pour point

Abstract

Objective: Fossil fuels are a major source of energy in today’s world but due to the limited availability of fossil fuels and its harmful emissions, it is now very important to shift our focus toward other sources of energy. Biofuels can help us meet this energy requirement. This study is aimed at producing neem biodiesel from neem oil by “transesterification process” using sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and studying its various fuel properties.

Methods: First, extraction was done to produce neem oil from its seeds. Free fatty acid content was reduced and transesterification reaction was carried out at temperature of around 55–65°C in the presence of alkali catalyst, NaOH to produce neem biodiesel. Properties of biodiesel produced such as viscosity and flash point were then determined using redwood viscometer, Abel-Pensky apparatus, and their respective methods for other properties.

Results: Produced neem biodiesel showed higher pour point than that of conventional diesel. Viscosity of neem oil was much higher than standards and was greatly reduced when converted to biodiesel using transesterification and biodiesel showed kinematic viscosity of 5.2 cSt at 35°C.

Conclusion: Neem biodiesel produced has many fuel properties close to that of conventional diesel. Furthermore, the biodegradable, non-toxic nature of biodiesel is another reason for considering it as an alternative fuel. As we cannot directly use neem oil in diesel engine due to its high viscosity, so it is needed to convert it into biodiesel so that its properties become comparable to the conventional diesel.

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Published

01-11-2021

How to Cite

RASTOGI, A., SHABAN, M., SAXENA, S., & SINGH, T. P. (2021). NEEM BIODIESEL: AN ALTERNATIVE FUEL. Innovare Journal of Engineering and Technology, 9(2), 1–4. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijet.2021.v9i2.42630

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Section

Original Article(s)