EVALUATING MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES IN THE MOTIVATION OF EMPLOYEE-CONSULTANTS IN THE NIGERIAN CONSTRUCTION INDUSTRY
Management is faced with the task of motivating employee-consultants and creating high job satisfaction among them. Creating programs and policies that develop job satisfaction and serve to motivate employee-consultants takes time and money to create. When the management understands the benefits of job satisfaction and motivation in the workplace, then the investment in employee-related policies can be justified. The purpose of any motivation programme is to motivate the organizationâ€™s employees to enable them work effectively. However, motivating employees is not an easy thing as what motivates employees differs among people. This paper is intended to establish management challenges in the motivation of Employee-Consultant in the Nigerian construction industry with a view to improving the motivation of employee-consultants. A calculated sample size of 108 construction and consultancy firms were randomly selected within Kaduna and Abuja metropolis. The research used the relative importance index (RII) to rank the challenges in order of importance. Amount of Fee paid (workersâ€™ wages) was identified to be the most significant factor that challenges the motivation of employee-consultants. Low availability of income generated was also identified as a major challenge. The research therefore suggest that management should seek other forms of motivating employee consultants such as New incentive schemes, such as flexible working hours, subsidies, loans and others, should be developed and implemented. Further research should be conducted to harness these important factors identified for the growth and development in the construction and consultancy firms.
Keywords: Employee-Consultant, Motivation, Nigerian, Construction Industry, challenges
1. Atchison, T. A. (2003). Exposing the myths of employee satisfaction. Healthcare Executive, 17(3), 20.
2. BjÃ¶rklund, C. (2001) Work Motivation- Studies of its Determinants and Outcomes. Stockholm: Elanders Gotab.
3. Eisner, S. P. (2005). Managing generation Y. Sam advanced management journal, autumn.
4. Harrison, L. (1994). Motivation in the Project Setting. In D. Lock (ed.) Gower Handbook of Project Management: 531-549. England: Gower Publishing
5. Heery, E. & Noon, M. (2001). A Dictionary of Human Resource Management. New York: Oxford University Press.
6. Idrus, Arazi Bin and Sodangi, Mahmoud (2007) Framework for Evaluating Quality Performance of Contractors in Nigeria. Internatinal Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS Vol: 10 No: 01 pp34-39
7. Kado, D. (2011) Assessment of quality management practices of the Nigerian Building design firms. (Unpublished PhD Dissertation) Ahmadu Bello University Zaria.
8. Lin P. Y. (2007), The Correlation Between Management and Employee Motivation in SASOL Polypropylene in Business, South Africa, Dissertation Thesis of Master Degree, University of Pretoria, South Africa. Retrieved from: http://upetd.up.ac.za/thesis/available/etd0804200892827/unrestricted/dissertation.pdf, (Accessed on:10/09/2013)
9. Management study guide (2014). Retrieve from http://managementstudyguide.com/motivational-challenges.htm
10. Meyer, J. P., Becker, T. E. & Vandenberghe, C. (2004). Employee commitment and motivation: A conceptual analysis and integrative model. Journal of applied psychology.
11. Miner, J. B. (1980). Theories of Organizational Behavior. San Diego: The Dryden Press
12. Nelson, D. L. & Quick, J. C. (2006). Organisational Behavior: Foundations, Realities, and Challenges, 5th ed. Mason: Thomson South-Western Publishing.
13. Oyewobi, L. O; Ibironke, O. T; Ganiyu B. O; & Ola-Awo, A. W (2011). Evaluating rework cost- A study of selected building projects in Niger State, Nigeria. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning. 4(3), 147-151.
14. Pinder, C. C. (1984). Work motivation; Theory, Issues, and applications. Glenview: Scott Foresman and Company.
15. Venkatesan, R. Koshy Varghese & K. Ananthanarayanan (2009). Motivation and Demotivation â€˜Cause Factorsâ€™ For Engineers In Construction Organisations. Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Madras, India
16. Reber A. S. & R eber E. (2001). The penguin dictionary of psychology. 3rd edn. St Ives plc: Clays Ltd.
17. Robbins, S. P. (2005). Organizational behavior, 11th ed. New Jersey: Pearson education, Inc.
18. Thomas, K. W. (2002). Intrinsic Motivation at Work - Building Energy and Commitment: Building Energy and Commitment. USA: Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc.