DETERMINANTS OF POSTNATAL CARE SERVICE UTILIZATION AMONG REPRODUCTIVE AGE WOMEN IN BASSO LIBEN WOREDA, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA

Authors

  • AYCHILUHEM MANAYE HAILU Department of Population Studies, College of Social Science and Humanities, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.
  • NEGA MIHRET ALAZBIH Department of Population Studies, College of Social Science and Humanities, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.22159/ijhs.2022.v10i1.44937

Keywords:

PNC, Utilization, Basso Liben, North West Ethiopia

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of the study is to assess the determinants of postnatal care service utilization among reproductive age women in Basso Liben woreda.

Methods: The data were collected from a representative sample of 374 populations using systematic sampling technique. The major strategy of the study was mixed approach. In quantitative study, the data were collected using structure questionnaires. The study participants were women of reproductive age (15–49 years) who gave birth in the past 2 years before the study. The dependent variable is utilization of at least one postnatal care visit within 6 weeks of delivery. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were employed to determine the association between dependent and independent variables.

Results: From the total respondents, 37.7% of the mother and 20.3% of newborn had gotten postnatal checkup within the first 6 weeks, respectively. From PNC users, 51.1% of the mother and 47.4% of the newborn had utilized PNC 1 time, respectively. Based on multivariate analysis maternal education, number of ANC follow-up, PNC information before delivery, monthly income, place of delivery, and attendant during delivery have statistically significance association with postnatal health-care service utilization.

Conclusion: The use of postnatal care service utilization is still limited in the study area. Only 37.7% of the mother and 20.3% of newborn had gotten postnatal checkup. Establishing qualified health facility around the area, expanding transport accessibility, and providing vehicles like ambulances that used to take mothers in the health facility are used to improve postnatal care service utilization.

References

Singh K, Brodish P, Haney E. Postnatal care by provider type and neonatal death in sub-Saharan Africa: A multilevel analysis. BMC Public Health 2014;14:941.

Central Statistical Agency. Ethiopia Demographic and Health Survey. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, and Rockville, Maryland. USA: CSA and ICFInternational; 2016.

World Health Organization. Technical Consultation on Postpartum and Postnatal Care. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2010.

World Health Organization. Recommendations on Postnatal Care of the Mother and Newborn. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2014.

World Health Organization. Trends in Maternal Mortality: 1990 to 2015. Estimates by WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, World Bank Group and the United Nations Population Division. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015.

Cochran WG. Sampling Techniques. 2nd ed. New York: John Wiley and Sons, Inc.; 1963.

Mulatu A, Samrawit S, Molla G, Habte B. Postnatal care service utilization and associated factors among women in Dembecha District, Northwest Ethiopia. Sci J Public Health 2015;3:686-92.

Regassa N. Antenatal and postnatal care service utilization in southern Ethiopia: A population-based study. Afr Health Sci 2011;11:390-7.

Facha W, Alemayehu M, Meskele M, Fikadu T. Couples’ Opinion and women’s utilization of postnatal care service in Wolaita Zone, Southern Ethiopia: A community based mixed study. Sci J Public Health 2017;5:288-93.

Belachew T, Taye A, Belachew T. Postnatal care service utilization and associated factors among mothers in Lemo Woreda, Ethiopia. J Women’s Health Care 2016;5:1-7.

Tesfahun F, Worku W, Mazengiya F, Kifle M. Knowledge, perception and utilization of postnatal care of mothers in Gondar Zuria District, Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. Matern Child Health J 2014;18:2341-51.

Tarekegn SM, Lieberman LS, Giedraitis V. Determinants of maternal health service utilization in Ethiopia: Analysis of the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 2014;14:161.

Workineh YG, Hailu DA. Factors affecting utilization of postnatal care service in Jabitena district, Amhara region, Ethiopia. Sci J Public Health 2014;23:169-76.

Nzioki JM, Onyango RO, Ombaka JH. Socio-demographic factors influencing maternal and child health service utilization in mwingi; A rural semi-arid district in Kenya. Am J Public Health Res 2015;3:21-30.

Shibru A, Belihu A, Abdissa G. Postnatal care services utilization and its associated factors among women who gave birth in the past one year in Gulele Sub City, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. J Health Med Nurs 2018;46: ???.

Aregay A, Alemayehu M, Assefa H, Terefe W. Factors associated with maternal health care services in Enderta District, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia: A cross sectional study. Am J Nurs Sci 2014;3:117-25.

Teklehaymanot AN, Niguse D, Tesfay A. Early postnatal care service utilization and associated factors among mothers who gave birth in the last 12 months in Aseko District, Arsi Zone, South East Ethiopia in 2016. J Women’s Health Care 2017;6:358.

Paudel DP, Nilgar B, Bhandankar M. Determinants of postnatal maternity care service utilization in rural Belgaum of Karnataka, India: A community based cross-sectional study. International Journal of Medicine and Public Health 2014;4:96-101.

Chungu C, Makasa M, Chola M, Jacobs CN. Place of delivery associated with postnatal care utilization among childbearing women in Zambia. Front Public Health 2018;6:94.

Published

22-07-2022

How to Cite

HAILU, A. M., & ALAZBIH, N. M. (2022). DETERMINANTS OF POSTNATAL CARE SERVICE UTILIZATION AMONG REPRODUCTIVE AGE WOMEN IN BASSO LIBEN WOREDA, NORTH WEST ETHIOPIA. Innovare Journal of Health Sciences, 10(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijhs.2022.v10i1.44937

Issue

Section

Original Article(s)