Usha Kiran Reddy


Acetaminophen overdose can cause nephrotoxicity with oxidative stress as one of the possible mechanisms. The effects of ethanolic extract of Abutilon Indicum[200 mg per kg of body weight (mg/kg) and 400 mg/kg] on Acetaminophen induced nephrotoxicity were evaluated. Rats were divided into five groups containing 6 rats each. The control group received distilled water while other groups were treated with extract alone (400 mg/kg), Acetaminophen alone (750 mg/kg), 750 mg/kg Acetaminophen+200 mg/kg extract (Acetaminophen+ 200-extract), and 750 mg/kg Acetaminophen+400 mg/kg extract (Acetaminophen+400-extract), respectively, for seven consecutive days. The EEAI was given orally concurrent with oral administration of Acetaminophen Treatment with EEAI at doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg prevented the Acetaminophen-induced nephrotoxicity and oxidative impairments of the kidney, as evidenced by a significantly reduced (P<0.05) level of Serum creatinine, BUN, serum alkaline phosphatase, Serum uric acid, serum total proteins and total cholesterol. The nephroprotective effects of EEAI were confirmed by a reduced intensity of renal cellular damage, as evidenced by histological findings. Moreover, EEAI administered at 400 mg/kg was found to show greater protective effects than that at 200 mg/kg. In conclusion, EEAI has a protective role against Acetaminophen-induced nephrotoxicity and the process is probably mediated through its antioxidant properties.

Key words: Antioxidants, Cisplatin, nephrotoxiciity, Abutilon indicum

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Innovare Journal of Life Sciences
Vol 1 Issue 2 2013 (Jul-Sep) Page: 40-43

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Usha Kiran Reddy


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