TRANSMISSION AND PATHOGENESIS OF SEVERE ACUTE RESPIRATORY SYNDROME CORONAVIRUS 2
Keywords:Coronavirus disease 2019, Human, Pathogenesis, Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, Transmission
Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory system disease that results in flu-like symptoms. It is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2) which was initially transmitted from either sea animals, wild animals like bats, or pet animals like dogs, and cats to humans. Since the occurrence of the first human COVID-19 case in China in 2019, the disease uses a trans-human transmission pathway. Its pathogenesis is almost similar to other respiratory diseases.
Mackenzie JS, Smith DW. COVID-19: A novel zoonotic disease caused by a coronavirus from China: What we know and what we don’t. Microbiol Aust 2020;1:MA20013.
Institute of Medicine (US) Forum on Microbial Threats. Microbial evolution and co-adaptation: A tribute to the life and scientific legacies of joshua lederberg: Workshop summary. In: 5 Infectious Disease Emergence: Past, Present, and Future. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2009.
World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Situation Report No. 94. Data as Received by World Health Organization from National Authorities by 10:00 CEST; 2020.
World Health Organization. How World Health Organization is Working to Track Down the Animal Reservoir of the SARS-CoV-2 Virus 2020; 2020b.
World Health Organization. SARS-CoV-2 Mink-Associated Variant Strain-Denmark, Disease Outbreak News; 2020.
Cash-Goldwasser S, Kardooni S, Cobb L, Bochner A, Bradford E, Shahpar C. Weekly COVID-19 Science Review August 22-28 2020, Resolve to Save Lives; 2020. Available from: https://www.preventepidemics.org/coronavirus/weekly-science-review.
Zheng J. SARS-CoV-2: An emerging Coronavirus that causes a global threat. Int J Biol Sci 2020;16:1678-85.
World Health Organization. Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Situation Report No. 32, Data as Reported by 21 February 2020; 2020.
National Library of Medicine. National Library of Medicine, or “Vancouver Style” (International Committee of Medical Journal Editors): DynaMed, 1995-Record No. T1579903929505. Ipswich, MA: EBSCO Information Services; 2020. Available from: https://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~an~t1579903929505. [Last accessed on 2020 Aug 01].
Johansen MD, Irving A, Montagutelli X, Tate MD, Rudloff I, Nold MF. Animal and translational models of SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19. Mucosal Immunol 2020;13:877-91.