MICROORGANISMS VARIANTS FOR HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS IN A SELECTED TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

  • SARALA KS Department of Hospital Administration, Ramaiah Medical College Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
  • NANDAKUMAR BS Department of Community Medicine, Ramaiah Medical College Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.
  • NARENDRANATH V Department of Hospital Administration, Ramaiah Medical College Hospital, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Objective: Microorganisms are minute and can be only in microscope and these are not visible to naked eyes. Various types of microbe include bacteria, virus, fungi, and protozoa. These microorganisms are subclassified and these are disease causing leading to mortality and morbidity. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) arise from different variants of microbes and knowing the category of microbes for treating the diseases with specific antibiotics is important for better patient outcome.


Methods: Using secondary data, all the patients who had HAI for 3 years were taken into consideration by considering the different variants of microorganisms.


Results: Retrospective data collected for the period of 3 years the inpatients who got admitted for more than 48 h of duration, the data collected included the parameters for various microorganisms such as Bacilli, cocci, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, and Aures, other micro-organisms such as Escherichia coli, Citrobacter, and Pseudomonas microorganisms. Bacilli group of microorganisms was more common for urinary tract infection, blood stream infection, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Aures was more common among surgical site infection infections.


Conclusions: Most of the patients who had an HAI had two or more different kind of microorganisms which are responsible for spreading infection. There is a need to control microbial flora in the hospital set up as the rate of HAI increases with microbial flora.

Keywords: Acinetobacter, Aures, Bacilli, Citrobacter, Cocci, Escherichia coli, Microorganisms, Pseudomonas

References

1. Sisirak M, Zvizdic A, Hukic M. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) as a cause of nosocomial wound infections. Bosn J Basic Med Sci 2010;10:32-7.
2. Stone PW. Economic burden of healthcare-associated infections: An American perspective. Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res 2009;9:417-22.
3. Hughes RG. Patient Safety and Quality: An Evidence-Based Handbook for Nurses. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality; 2008.
4. Gastmeier P, Stamm-Balderjahn S, Hansen S, Nitzschke-Tiemann F, Zuschneid I, Groneberg K, et al. How outbreaks can contribute to prevention of nosocomial infection: Analysis of 1, 022 outbreaks. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2005;26:357-61.
5. Wang JT, Wu HS, Weng CM, Hsu LY, Wang FD. Prognosis of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection treated with teicoplanin: A retrospective cohort study investigating effect of teicoplanin minimum inhibitory concentrations. BMC Infect Dis 2013;13:182.
6. Bassetti M, Trecarichi EM, Mesini A, Spanu T, Giacobbe DR, Rossi M, et al. Risk factors and mortality of healthcare-associated and community-acquired Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia. Clin Microbiol Infect 2012;18:862-9.
7. Lamagni TL, Keshishian C, Efstratiou A, Guy R, Henderson KL, Broughton K, et al. Emerging trends in the epidemiology of invasive Group B streptococcal disease in England and wales, 1991-2010. Clin Infect Dis 2013;57:682-8.
8. Available from: https://www.cdc.gov.
9. Khan HA, Ahmad A, Mehboob R. Nosocomial infections and their control strategies. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed 2015;5:509-51.
10. Weinstein RA. Epidemiology and control of nosocomial infections in adult intensive care units. Am J Med 1991;91:179S-84S.
Statistics
57 Views | 25 Downloads
Citations
How to Cite
KS, S., BS, N., & V, N. (2021). MICROORGANISMS VARIANTS FOR HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS IN A SELECTED TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL. Innovare Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(2), 22-25. https://doi.org/10.22159/ijms.2021.v9i2.40765
Section
Original Article(s)