MICROORGANISMS VARIANTS FOR HEALTHCARE-ASSOCIATED INFECTIONS IN A SELECTED TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL
Objective: Microorganisms are minute and can be only in microscope and these are not visible to naked eyes. Various types of microbe include bacteria, virus, fungi, and protozoa. These microorganisms are subclassified and these are disease causing leading to mortality and morbidity. Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) arise from different variants of microbes and knowing the category of microbes for treating the diseases with specific antibiotics is important for better patient outcome.
Methods: Using secondary data, all the patients who had HAI for 3 years were taken into consideration by considering the different variants of microorganisms.
Results: Retrospective data collected for the period of 3 years the inpatients who got admitted for more than 48 h of duration, the data collected included the parameters for various microorganisms such as Bacilli, cocci, Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, and Aures, other micro-organisms such as Escherichia coli, Citrobacter, and Pseudomonas microorganisms. Bacilli group of microorganisms was more common for urinary tract infection, blood stream infection, and ventilator-associated pneumonia. Aures was more common among surgical site infection infections.
Conclusions: Most of the patients who had an HAI had two or more different kind of microorganisms which are responsible for spreading infection. There is a need to control microbial flora in the hospital set up as the rate of HAI increases with microbial flora.
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