ASTHMA SEVERITY AND SELF-CARE PRACTICES AMONG ASTHMA PATIENTS IN RWANDA
Keywords:Asthma severity, self-care practice, asthma patients
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate asthma severity levels and self-care practices in asthma patients in Rwanda.
Methods: In this study, we have used a quantitative cross-sectional study design. The questionnaires were distributed to asthma patients who voluntarily accepted to participate in the study. The obtained information were recorded in Excel sheet and transferred to SPSS version 22 for statistical analysis. Asthma severity levels in study participants were categorized referring to Global Initiative for Asthma classification scheme. Moreover, the levels of self-care practices were classified into three categories (Good, Moderate and Poor self-care practices) depending on participant’s behavior regarding asthma self-management. The association between asthma severity and self-care practices was determined using Chi-square test.
Results: The findings showed that: 52 (65%) had persistent mild asthma, 12 (15%) had persistent moderate, 6 (7.5%) had intermittent, and 5 (6.3%) had persistent severe. In addition to that, among study participants, 45 (56.3%) had moderate self-care practices while 27 (33.8%) had good self-care practices and 2 (2.5%) had poor self-care practices. Furthermore, two self-care practices including avoiding pollen exposure and drinking alcohol exhibited an association with asthma severity (p=0.03) and (p=0.045), respectively.
Conclusion: There is an association between asthma severity and self-care practices and our study findings suggest enhanced patient’s self-care practices to contribute in reducing asthma exacerbation.
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