A EFFECTS OF HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOR ON COMPLIANCE OF LONG TERM TREATMENT AMONG GLAUCOMA PATIENTS

Authors

  • Midhet Nasim
  • Amir Zeb EDO Eye Hospital
  • Samrin Khan

Keywords:

Adherence, Socio economic determinants, self-medication, doctor-patient communication.

Abstract

Background:

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness worldwide. Efforts to control the damage from glaucoma go all in vain if the optimal compliance to treatment is not present.This study was aimed at determining the level of compliance with long term glaucoma therapy and to identify the health seeking predictors of non-compliance in patients presenting in glaucoma department of tertiary eye hospital.

Materials and methods:     

A cross-sectional study of five months was conducted on glaucoma patients who are taking follow up visits in glaucoma department since 6 months or more. The level of compliance with glaucoma medication (dependent variable) was assessed through a scale at first, and further transformed into binary variable afterwards. Chi-Square test of independence was used followed by logistic regression to find out the predictors of compliance.

Results:

A total of 200 patients participated in the study. Majority of them were from urban background (n=125, 62.5%) and were diagnosed with glaucoma 1-5 years (n=104, 52%) back. Almost 16.00% patients were not giving follow up on given appointment. Moreover, 10.00% were not taking proper medications andprescribed dosage of medications was not taken by 21.5%. Intraocular pressure was higher than normal limits in 13.00%. Self-medication (χ2 (df) =5.44(1), 0.01, OR= 0.28 (0.09-0.81) and doctor-patient communication (χ2(df)=18.25(1), 0.03, OR= 2.27 (1.06-4.86) were significant health seeking predictors of glaucoma treatment compliance.

 

Conclusions:

Blindness due to glaucoma is an avoidable condition if underlying factors like self-medication is discouraged and doctor patient communication can be improved in glaucoma department.

Key words:

Adherence, Socio economic determinants, self-medication, doctor-patient communication.

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Published

07-10-2021

How to Cite

Nasim, M., Zeb, A., & Khan, S. (2021). A EFFECTS OF HEALTH SEEKING BEHAVIOR ON COMPLIANCE OF LONG TERM TREATMENT AMONG GLAUCOMA PATIENTS. Innovare Journal of Medical Sciences, 9(6). Retrieved from https://innovareacademics.in/journals/index.php/ijms/article/view/43024

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Original Article(s)